Archive for the ‘Aqeedah’ Category

How to attain ‘ilm that ‘Laa illaaha il-Allaah
By Imaam as-Sa’dee


1- And this is the greatest of them, to contemplate upon the Names and Attributes of Allaah, and His actions that show His perfectness, greatness and magnificence. This causes a person to exert himself in devotion to Allaah and worshipping the Perfect Lord, to Whom is all praise, glorification, beauty and majesty.

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إنا لله وإنا إليه راجعون

Verily to Allaah we belong and Him we shall return

As many of you are aware, our dear beloved elder and teacher, Abu Talha Dawood Burbank and his wife Umm Talha have returned back to Allaah on Wednesday the 3rd of November; whilst on their way to perform Hajj. Qadr Allaah wa maa shaa fa’al, Indeed Allaah knows best for His believing servants and truly His promise will be fulfilled.

Thereof (the earth) We created you, and into it We shall return you, and from it We shall bring you out once again.

Surah Ta-Ha ||20:55

Nevertheless, All praise is due to Allaah, Abu Talha (Rahimahullaah) has left, by the Fadhl of Allaah, many precious pearls for our English speaking community to benefit from- Thus I kindly request that you benefit from what is available to you before a day when one is in severe need of knowledge coupled with righteous actions, as stated by the sahabee al jaleel, Ali RadhiAllaahu anhu:

‘For today there are (opportunities to do) deeds and there is no reckoning, but tomorrow there will be reckoning and no deeds’

Sahih al Bukhari: The Book of Raqâ`iq

Therefore I advise myself first, then you ( O’ reader) to benefit from the scholars of ahlus-sunnah and the du’aat, even if it may be that due to your striving for the sake of Allaah, much is sacrificed by way of wealth and time. Your sustenance has already been decreed for you and it is only shaytaan who threatens you with poverty, Allaah promises you that what you have put forward for the sake of Allaah will not be lost.

‘As for those who strive hard in Us (our cause), We will surely guide them to Our paths’


‘Whatever is with you, will be exhausted and what is with Allaah will remain’


‘So their Lord accepted of them, “Never will I allow to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female.’

Surah Aali-Imraan|| 03:195

So benefit and strive to seek this ‘ilm before the sad news reaches you about the death of another ‘Alim or another Da’ee – the people of knowledge and truth are a few, so knowledge will certainly not come to you! It takes much effort, sacrificing and of course asking Allaah for success. Do not spend your time in regret for not taking benefit from those who have passed you, get up and hurry to catch the wagon before it’s too late. For once you have left this world it will be no more and too late, so May Allaah grant you tawfeeq. It is for this reason that I encourage myself first to benefit from the masses of precious gems and treasury of knowledge – our Teacher, elder and Brother Abu Talha Dawood Burbank left, so May Allaah have mercy upon him, his wife and all the deceased Muslims, Aameen.

Al Imaam Muqbil ibn Haadee al Wadi’ee Rahimahullaah:

‘ O’ my children, I swear by Allaah if knowledge could be poured into a glass, I would pour it for you, but it is not obtained except by hard work, exhaustion, and scraping of the knees.’


Your sister in Islaam

Bint Abee Abdul-Qaadir

Usool ath-Thalatha by our Brother and elder Abu Talha Dawood Burbank Rahimahullaah

Click here: Usool ath-Thalatha

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It is not permissible for anyone to pray in this manner, because it goes against the ruling of Allaah, and against His decree. For Allaah has decreed in His wisdom that the Shaytaan is cursed until the Day of Judgement.


~Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Rasaa’il  Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (Rahimahullaah), 1/290

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Love, Fear and Hope.

Some of the salaf have said:

“Whoever worships Allaah with love alone is a zindeeq; whoever worships Him with hope alone is a Murji’; whoever worships Him with fear alone is a Hurooree and whoever worships Him with love, fear and hope is a Muwahhid”


  • Takhweef min an-Naar by al Hafidh ibn Rajab al Hanbali Rahimahullaah (p.g. 15)

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Q: Is it permissible to say that the Companions differed on matters of `Aqidah (creed) such as the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) seeing his Lord on the night of the Mi`raj (Ascension to Heaven) and the dead person hearing the living persons? Do such matters constitute part of the `Aqidah?

A: There was no difference or disagreement among the Companions or those following them from among Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim main body) with regard to the Islamic `Aqidah. This is because they all believed in what is mentioned in the Qur’an and the Prophetic Sunnah. Moreover, they never introduced new practices into the religion. This was the reason for their unity and agreement on the same beliefs and the same method, acting upon Allah’s Saying,

“And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of All’ah (i.e. this Qur’an), and be not divided among yourselves.”(Surah al-Imran 3:103)

One of these beliefs is the belief that the believers will see their Lord on the Day of Resurrection, as all agree on this belief as is proven by the reported proof from the Qur’an and the Prophetic Sunnah. They never differed on such belief.

As for the difference and disagreement on the question whether the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw his Lord on the night of the Mi`raj with his physical eyes or not, there is a disagreement on a particular event in this life, not a disagreement on seeing Allah (may He be Exalted) on the Day of Resurrection. The majority of scholars are of the opinion that the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw his Lord with his insight, not with his eyes. This is because when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about this point, he said, “Light, how could I see Him.” Thus, the Prophet (peace be upon him) negated seeing his Lord in this situation out of the light which prevented him from seeing his Lord. Also, scholars unanimously agree that no one can see his Lord in the life of this world, as mentioned in the Prophetic Hadith, where the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “No one of you shall see his Lord until he dies.” (Related by Muslim). It is worth mentioning that our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is excluded from this rule, as he saw his Lord, but not in this way.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah Al Al-Shaykh
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan
Salih Al-Fawzan
Bakr Abu Zayd

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Bismillaahir Rahmanir Raheem

Statements of the Pious Predecessors concerning where is Allaah:

no.660: Abdullaah bin Abbaas (RadhiAllaahu anhu) said, “Verily Allaah was above His Throne before He created anything, then He created the creation and decreed what was to exist until the Day of Judgement.”

no.662: Bashr bin Umar said, “I heard more then one of the Mufassir say about the verse, ‘The Most Merciful istawaa upon the Throne’ – istiwaa means rose above.”

no.665: Rabee’ (one of the teachers of Maalik) was asked about the verse, “The Most Merciful rose over His Throne” – ‘how did He rise? He replied, “al-istiwaa (rising) is known, and the how is not comprehensible, and from Allaah is the message, and upon the Messenger is the preaching, and upon us is believing.”

no.670: Maqaatil bin Huyaan said about His saying, ‘and there is no secret discourse of 3 people except He is the fourth, or of 5 people and He is the sixth’- “He is above His Throne, and nothing is hidden from His knowledge.”

no.673: Imaam Ahmad was asked, “Allaah is above the seventh heaven, above His Throne, distinct from his creation, and His Power and Knowledge are in every place?” And he replied, “yes, above the Throne and His Knowledge is in every place.”

no.675: Imaam Ahmad was asked about the verse, ‘and He is with you wheresoever you are’ , and the verse, ‘there is no secret discourse of 3 people except that he is the fourth..’ – and he said, “(meaning) His Knowledge, He is the Knower of the seen and the unseen, His Knowledge encompasses everything, and our Lord is above the Throne without setting limits and giving description , and His Kursi is as the expanse of the heavens and the earth with His Knowledge.”

Imaam Abdullaah bin Ahmad quotes Abdullaah ibn Mubaarak as saying, “….I bear witness that You are above Your Throne above the seven heavens. And this is not as the enemies of Allaah say, the heretics.” [as-Sunnah of Imaam Abdullaah ibn Ahmad with tahqeeq of al-Qahtaanee]

He also quoted him as saying, “we know that our Lord is above the seven heavens over the Throne, and we do not say as the Jahmiyyah say that he is here, -pointing with his hand to the earth.”

Imaam Maalik said, “Allaah is Above the heaven, and His knowledge is in every place, nothing is hidden from Him.” [Al-Albaanee said in his notes to Mukhtasar (no. 130), reported by Abdullaah in as-Sunnah (pg. 5), and likewise Abu Dawood in Masaail (pg. no.263:…and its sanad is saheeh and he includes a refutation of the lies that Kawtharee employs to try and discredit this isnaad.]

Abu Haneefah (Rahimahullaah) said, when asked of his opinion of the one who says, ‘I do not know whether Allaah is above the heavens or on the earth.’ – “He has disbelieved, because Allaah says, ‘The Most Merciful rose above the Throne.’ , and His Throne is above His seven heavens.”He was then asked , ‘what if he said that Allaah is above His Throne but he does not know whether the Throne is in the heavens or on the earth?’ He said, “He has disbelieved, because He has denied that He is above the heavens, And whosoever denied that He is above the heavens has disbelieved.” [al-Uluww of adh- Dhahabee, also Sharh Aqueedah at-Tahaawiyyah of ibn Abee al-Izz al-Hanafee]

Addition: Imaam Awza’ee said: ” We would say while the Tabi’oon were many, ‘Indeed Allaah, The Most Perfect is above His throne and we have emaan in what is related in the sunnah concerning the attributes (of Allaah)”*

  • Taken from Sharh Usul I’tiqaad Ahlus Sunnah of al-Laalikaaee d.414 ( pp396+ – Tahqeeq Ahmad Hamdaan) and *additional quote related from al Bayhaqi in al Asmaa wa sifaat (p.408), isnaad is jayyid as al Hafidh ibn Hajr said in Fathul Bari 13/406 and ibn Taymiyyah said isnaad was sahih in al Hamawiyyah.



source: http://www.spubs.com

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Al Laamiyyah of shaykh al Islaam ibn Taymiyyah

يَا سَائِلي عَنْ مَذْهَبِي وعَقِيدَتِي  



رُزِقَ الهُدَى مَنْ لِلْهِدَايَةِ يَسْأَلُ  


اسْمَعْ كَلامَ مُحَقِّقٍ فِي قَـولـِه  



لاَ يَنْـثَنِي عَنْـهُ وَلاَ يَتَبَـدَّلُ  


حُبُّ ” الصَّحابَةِ ” كلِّهِمْ لِي مَذْهَبٌ  



وَمَوَدَّةُ القُرْبَى بِهَا أَتَوَسّــلُ 


وَلِكُلِّهِمْ قَـدْرٌ عَلاَ وَفَضَائلٌ 



لكِنَّمَا ” الصِّدِّيقُ ” مِنْهُمْ أَفْضَـلُ  


وَأَقُولُ فِي ” القُرْآنِ ” مَا جَاءَتْ بِـهِ 



آياتُـهُ فَهْوَ الْكَرِيمُ الْـمُنزَلُ

وَأَقُولُ قَالَ اللهُ جَلَّ جَلاَلُهُ 



وَ” الْمُصْطَفَى ” الْهَادِي وَلاَ أَتَأَوَّلُ 


وَجَمِيعُ ” آيَاتِ الصِّفَاتِ ” أُمِرُّهَـا  



حَقّـاً كَمَا نَقَـلَ الطِّرَازُ الأَوَّلُ  


وأَرُدُّ عُهْدَتَها إِلَى نُقَّالِهَِـِاُ  



وَأَصُونُها عـَنْ كُلِّ مَا يُتَخَيَّلُ  


قُبْحاً لِمَنْ نَبَذَ ” القُرَانَ ” وَرَاءَهُ  



وَإِذَا اسْتَدَلَّ يَقُولُ قَالَ ” الأَخْطَلُ  


وَالمُْؤْمِنُونَ ” يَـرَوْنَ ” حَقّـاً ربَّهُمْ  



وَإلَى السَّمَـاءِ بِغَيْرِ كَيْفٍ ” يَنْزِلُ 


وأُقِرُ بـ” الْمِيـزَانِ ” وَ “الْحَوضِ ” الَّذِي 



أَرجُـو بأَنِّي مِنْـهُ رَيّاً أَنْهَـلُ  


وَكَذَا ” الصِّراطُ ” يُمَدُّ فَوْقَ جَهَنَّمٍ  



فَمُسَلَّمٌ نَـاجٍ وَآخَـرَ مُهْمَـلُ  


و” النَّارُ ” يَصْلاَهَا الشَّقِيُّ بِحِكْمَةٍ  



وَكَذَا التَّقِيُّ إِلى ” الجِنَانِ ” سَيَدْخُلُ  


ولِكُلِّ حَيٍّ عَاقِـلٍ في قَبْـرِهِ  



عَمَلٌ يُقارِنُـهُ هُنَـاكَ وَيُسْـأَلُ  


هذا اعْتِقَـادُ ” الشَّافِعيِِّ ” و ” مَالِكٍ “  



وَ”أَبِي حَنِيفَـَةَ ” ثُمَّ ” أَحْـمَدَ ” يُنْقَـلُ  


فَإِنِ اتَّبَعْتَ سَبِيلَهُمْ فَمُوَفَّقٌ 



وَإِنِ ابْتَدَعْتَ فَمَا عَلَيْكَ مُعَـوَّلُ  


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Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

After repeated requests for me to clarify the errors in the writings of Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips, and the gravity of some of the mistakes that I have come across, I will begin clarifying some of the more dangerous of his mistakes in a series of articles, this being the first (in shaa’ Allaah). 1 I hope that the author will take note of them, accept them as humble advice and correct his mistakes.  I also hope that those who have his books will amend their copies, so that his mistakes are not followed.  I ask Allaah to make the truth clear to all who read this, and to make it done sincerely for His Sake alone.

Dr. Bilal Philips on Suicide

Stated Dr. Bilal Philips in his book, “Islamic Studies Book 3” (2nd edition, 2005, IIPH, Riyadh, p.85):

“…Suicide has been classified as haram (forbidden) in Islam.  In fact, the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) himself informed us that one who kills himself will find himself in the Hell-fire forever, killing himself over and over again in the same way that he did in this life.2 The one who commits suicide implies by his act that Allah has unjustly burdened him beyond his God-given abilities, and such a concept is, in reality, equivalent to kufr (disbelief)…”

In this passage, Dr. Philips contradicts the belief of Ahlus-Sunnah and supports the belief of the Khawaarij and the Mu’tazilah: that the one who commmits suicide is a kaafir who will remain in the Hellfire forever.  They are harsh and go overboard (ghuluww) with regards to the texts warning of punishment.  Ahlus-Sunnah are balanced and take positions based on all texts combined.  Consider another hadeeth on the topic, one found in Saheeh Muslim (113):

When the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) made hijrah to Madeenah, Tufayl ibn ‘Amr came as well, along with a man from his tribe.  This man became ill when he first reached Madeenah and his illness became so severe that he took a knife and slit his wrist (over the top, or possibly near the knuckles), and the blood spilled out until he died.  Tufayl then saw him in a dream, in a good vision, except that his hands were wrapped up.
So he asked him, ‘What has your Lord done with you?’

He replied, ‘He has forgiven me because of my hijrah to His Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam).’

The he asked, ‘Why are your hands wrapped up?’.

He said, ‘It was said to me: We shall not fix something you have corrupted yourself!’

So Tufayl relayed this to the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam), so he said:

‘O Allaah!  And forgive his hands (too)!’

The hadeeth clearly shows that suicide does not expel a person from Islaam, but rather it is a major sin that can lead to punishment in the Hereafter.

Al-Qaadhee ‘Iyadh (d.544) said in Ikmaal al-Mu’lim (1/403):
In this hadeeth is proof for Ahlus-Sunnah for what they say, that Allaah may forgive the sins of whomever He wants, and it explains the hadeeths before it that might seem to give the false impression that someone who commits suicide faces the eternal threat of remaining (in the Fire) forever.3 It is also a refutation of the Khawaarij and Mu’tazilah.”
Abul-‘Abbaas al-Qurtubee (d.656) said in al-Mufhim (1/324):
This hadeeth means that that someone who commits suicide is not a kaafir, and that he will not be made to stay forever in the Fire, as is found in the statement of Allaah (that means), ‘Verily Allaah does not forgive that partners be set up for him, but He forgives things less than that for whomever He wants.‘ [4:48]”
Al-Haafith an-Nawawee (d.676) said in al-Minhaaj (2/131), after entitling the chapter: “Proof that Someone who Commits Suicide is not a Kaafir“:

In the hadeeth is proof for the great principle of Ahlus-Sunnah that whoever kills himself or commits sins and then dies without repenting is not a kaafir, and he is not to be decisively declared to be in the Fire.  Instead, he is subject to the Will of Allaah… And this hadeeth explains the other hadeeths before it that might indicate from their wordings at first glance that someone who commits suicide and other major sinners are to remain forever in the Fire.3
And we read this hadeeth to our Shaykh Rabee’ ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee in his house in the Summer of 1424, and he confirmed for us what the scholars say, that:
The hadeeth proves that a major sin does not expel someone from Islaam.”

As for the rationalization offered by Dr. Philips, that “The one who commits suicide implies by his act that Allah has unjustly burdened him beyond his God-given abilities, and such a concept is, in reality, equivalent to kufr (disbelief)…

This is a blanket ruling on all people who commit suicide.  It is factually untrue, as people commit suicide for different reasons.  What Dr. Philips has mentioned is, in fact, one case of a person who commits suicide.  However, not everyone who commits suicide has believed that Allaah has unjustly burdened him beyond his abilities.  Rather, it is likely that only a small minority of people who kill themselves actually believe this, and Allaah knows best.  Actually, the one who believes such a thing has disbelieved  before he even committed suicide, so he would be a disbeliever whether he committed suicide or not, because of his belief.

To say that the very act of suicide itself implies this belief is totally unfounded and a contradiction to the hadeeth mentioned and the beliefs of Ahlus-Sunnah built upon it.  Furthermore, it resembles the rationalization of the Khawaarij in this very issue and other issues similar to it.

I ask Allaah that He allows the author and those who have followed him through his book to recognize this dangerous error, shun the ghuluww (extremism) of the Khawaarij in all of its forms, and embrace the moderate approach to Islaam that Ahlus-Sunnah are known for.  Allaah is the All-Hearing, the One who responds.

And Allaah knows best.  May Allaah raise the rank of His final Messenger and grant him peace.


(1) I taught from Dr. Philips’ “ISLAMIC STUDIES – Book 3” two years ago in an international school in Jeddah.  The book was already in place and I did not choose it.  I noted many mistakes in my copy as I went through it, and I will begin this series of clarifications with those mistakes.  Please note that anyone who might claim that I am hunting for mistakes or “out to get” Dr. Philips should simply fear Allaah and realize that I have nowhere near the time, resources, nor motive to hunt for his mistakes.  Although, after going through just one of his books, I was convinced that there is actually a need for a student of knowledge to go through all of them and correct the mistakes in them.

(2) This misunderstanding is based on a false interpretation of a hadeeth in al-Bukhaaree (5778) and Muslim (109), that the one who kills himself either by stabbing himself, poisoning himself, or throwing himself from a mountain, will be made to repeat that action in the Hellfire repeatedly, “khaalidan mukhalladan feehaa abadan“, meaning: for an extremely long period of time, but not forever, as understood by the scholars of Ahlus-Sunnah, as will be explained further in this article.

(3) Like the one misunderstood by Dr. Philips, mentioned in footnote #2.

Written by Br. Abu Abbaas Moosaa Richardson


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