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How to attain ‘ilm that ‘Laa illaaha il-Allaah
By Imaam as-Sa’dee

Excerpt:


1- And this is the greatest of them, to contemplate upon the Names and Attributes of Allaah, and His actions that show His perfectness, greatness and magnificence. This causes a person to exert himself in devotion to Allaah and worshipping the Perfect Lord, to Whom is all praise, glorification, beauty and majesty.

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 Regarding his ﷺ Guidance
 in voluntary charity (Sadaqah at-Tatawwu’)

He (ﷺ) was the greatest of the people in giving charity with whatever was in his hands and he did not overestimate the value of anything which Allah gave him, nor did he underestimate it (i.e. nothing in his possession was considered too much or too little by him to be given in charity). If someone asked him for something, he would give him, whether it was little or much and his happiness and joy in giving were greater than that of the receiver! And when a person in need submitted his case to him (ﷺ), he would give preference to his needs over his own, sometimes with his food and sometimes with his clothes.

His (ﷺ) giving and charity were different types: Sometimes, it took the form of a gift, sometimes charity and sometimes a grant; and sometimes he would buy something and give it to the seller along with its price. At other times, he would borrow something and then return more than he had borrowed. He would accept a gift and in return, he (ﷺ) would give something of greater value, [1] out of kindness and in order to express all diverse forms of charitable deeds to the utmost of his ability. His benevolence was expressed with his property, his actions and his words. He (ﷺ) would give whatever he had, he would order the giving of charity and he would encourage it, so that if a miserly person saw him (ﷺ), his behaviour would call upon him to be giving.

Anyone who associated with him could not help but be kind and generous. For this reason, he was the most open-hearted of people and the finest soul among them; for charity and righteous deeds have an amazing ability to open the heart – and this was in addition to the things by which Allah had distinguished him, such as His opening his heart by the Message, its special characteristics and its consequences and the opening of his heart to compassion and the removal of Satan’s portion (i.e. influence) from it.

And the greatest cause of open-heartedness is Monotheism, Tawheed; and in accordance with its completeness, its strength and its increase, a person’s heart will be opened; Allaah Most High says:

أَفَمَن شَرَحَ ٱللَّهُ صَدۡرَهُ ۥ لِلۡإِسۡلَـٰمِ فَهُوَ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ۬ مِّن رَّبِّهِۦ‌ۚ
فَوَيۡلٌ۬ لِّلۡقَـٰسِيَةِ قُلُوبُہُم مِّن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ فِى ضَلَـٰلٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ

‘Is he whose heart Allah has opened to Islam,  so that he is in light from his Lord (as he who is a non-Muslim)?’

az-Zumar:22


فَمَن يُرِدِ ٱللَّهُ أَن يَهۡدِيَهُ ۥ يَشۡرَحۡ صَدۡرَهُ ۥ لِلۡإِسۡلَـٰمِ‌ۖ
وَمَن يُرِدۡ أَن يُضِلَّهُ ۥ يَجۡعَلۡ صَدۡرَهُ ۥ ضَيِّقًا حَرَجً۬ا

‘And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam and  whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his breast closed and constricted’

al-An’aam:125

Another cause is the Light which Allah places in the heart, and that is the light of Faith (Iman).

It is reported in ‘Sunan at-Tirmidhi‘ in a Marfu’ form:

          ‘ إذا دخل النّورالقلب انفسح وانشرح ‘

‘When the Light enters the heart, it is expanded and opened’ [2]

Another cause is knowledge, for it opens the heart and expands it; but this is not true for all knowledge – only for that which we have inherited from the Prophet (ﷺ).

Still another cause is turning in repentance to Allah and loving Him with all one’s heart. And love has an amazing effect in opening the heart and bringing about goodness of the soul. And the more love for Him grows stronger, the more the heart is opened and it is not straitened except by the idle ones.

And another cause is being constant in the remembrance of Allah, for Dhikr has an amazing effect in opening the heart.

Also among them is acting righteously (Ihsan) towards all created beings and benefitting them to the best of one’s ability, through ones wealth and status and by physically helping them with all sorts of righteous deeds.

As for spiritual happiness and bliss, it is forbidden to every coward, as it is forbidden to every miser and every person who turns away from Allah, unmindful of remembrance of Him and ignorant of Him and His religion and whose heart is attracted to other than Him; and no heed should be paid to the opening of the heart of such a person due to something which befalls him, nor to the anguish of his heart caused by some mishap befalling him for verily, the things which affect the heart are removed by removing their causes (i.e. if happiness depends on some material thing, then the removal of that material thing will cause unhappiness); what is relied upon is the quality of the heart that makes it open or straitened for it is the measure of the heart.

Another cause – indeed, the greatest of them – is the removal of corruption in the heart caused by reprehensible characteristics.

And also amongst them is abandoning looking into undesirable things, vain speech, listening to undesirable things, mixing with undesirable people, eating bad things and sleeping excessively.

~Transcription: Mukhtasar Zaad al Ma’ad Eng trans.pg 113-115|| Ibn Qayyim

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Footnotes:

[1] Narrated by al-Bukhari
[2] According to Shu’aib and ‘Abdul-Qadir Al-Arna’ut who checked the ahadeeth of the full version of ‘Zaad al-Ma’ad’, it was not narrated by at-Tirmidhee, as Ibn Qayyim states, but by at-Tabari, on the authority of Ibn Mas’ood (رضي الله عنه) and it was mention by as-Suyuti in ‘ad-Darr al-Manthur’ and by Ibn Katheer, who related it from Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Jareer (at-Tabari). Some f its chains of narrators are connected (Muttasil) and some of them are broken (Mursal) and they all strengthen each other.

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Al Imaam, Al Khateeb al Baghdaadee Rahimahullaah said:

“It could accompany, just as your shadow accompanies you, and it is from you like it were a part of you, and the book is a union of solidarity by itself, and has no need of that which is found with other than it, it is a sitting which does not fall silent upon you…”

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explanation of a book & its benefits

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al Imaam Ibnul Jawzee Said:




"O you who persists on mistakes and wrong doings; 
O you who has turned away from what the most Loving
 and Compassionate commands; 
O you who obeys the falsifier of the path and the creator of calamities .
 How long are you going to insist on your misbehavior?
 How long are you going to keep yourself distant from your Lord? 
How long will you seek from this world what you cannot have, 
and keep away from the other world by that which you cannot possess? 
Neither are you sure of what Allah prepared of sustenance for you, 
nor are you satisfied with that which He has commanded for you. 
O my brother, by Allah! Admonition does not seem to benefit you!
Afflictions do not seem to threaten you! 
Time does not leave you and the call of death does not reach your ears! 
As if, you poor man, would live forever and
 you weren't meant to expire and be forgotten?"

al Bahr ad-Dumoo' -The sea of tears

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Don’t give up…

Imaam Ibn Qayyim al Jawziyyah Rahimullah said:


“Do not feel weary of standing before His door (ie. Allah) even if you are driven away! And never stop asking for His forgiveness, even if you feel it is rejected! When the door is opened for the Accepted Ones, do not miss this chance and rush therein intruding!
and stretch forth your hands saying

“Be charitable to us!”-12:88


  • Al fawaa’id

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Abu Bakr Al Khateeb Al Baghdaadee

He was the Shaikh, the Imaam Abu Bakr Ahmad Ibn ‘Alee Ibn Thaabit, better known as Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, the author of many books,1 the most famous of which is Taareekh Baghdaad. 

He was born in the year 392H. His father was the khateeb (lecturer) of Darzeejaan – from the noblemen of ‘Iraaq.2 So he encouraged this son of his (Abu Bakr Khateeb) and let him hear (hadeeth narrations from the scholars) at a young age in the year 403H (when he was only eleven). Then he desired to seek knowledge of the science of Hadeeth, so he traveled for that purpose to the different regions. And he excelled in his studies, wrote books and compiled works. And he became foremost in the general fields of the science of hadeeth.

He heard from a large amount of the trustworthy and reliable muhadditheen (scholars of hadeeth) in various lands – in Baghdad, Basra, Naisapur, Asbahaan, Dainoor, Hamdaan, Koofa, the Haramain (two holy cities of Makkah and Madeenah), Damascus, Jerusalem and others. His arrival in Shaam took place in 451H, where he lived for eleven years. Many of the great scholars of hadeeth reported ahaadeeth on his authority, such as his teacher Abu Bakr Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Al-Barqaanee, the Shaikh of Baghdaad.

Ibn Makoolaa said: “Abu Bakr Al-Khateeb was one of the last prominent figures whom we witnessed having knowledge, memorization, precision and accuracy (in wording) of the hadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). And who had mastery in its defects and its chains of narration, and who had knowledge of its authentic and its weak, its individual (reported by only one narrator), its rejected (munkar) and its discarded (matrooh).”

Then he (rahimahullaah) said: “And there was not found amongst the people of Baghdaad, after Ad-Daaraqutnee, anyone similar to him.” 3

He wrote on the subject of Fiqh (Islaamic Jurisprudence) and gained mastery in it, then preoccupied himself with the science of Hadeeth. He was eloquent in speech, possessing a high-pitched voice, having a nice recitation (of Qur’aan), and he had beautiful handwriting.

He gave away all his money in charity, which consisted of two hundred deenaars, to the people of knowledge and the poor folk. And he wrote in his will to give his clothes away in charity. He would donate his books to the Muslims, and not ask for anything in return.

The Imaam died in the year 463H, may Allaah have mercy on him.

Footnotes:
1. Translator’s Note: His books and written works exceed the number of 60.
2. Translator’s Note: He grew up in Darzeejaan, which is a big village by the Nile River to the southwest of Baghdad. This village is where his father was given the position of being the Khateeb (khutbah speaker) and Imaam of its central masjid for the period of twenty years.
3. Translator’s Note: Adh-Dhahabee said of him: “He wrote many books, and compiled and authored. And he authenticated hadeeth and declared hadeeth weak. He criticized (made jarh) and approved (ta’deel). He recorded historical accounts and clarified issues. And he became the one with the most hadeeth memorized amongst the people of his time, without exception.”

  • Source: Shaykh Naasir ud-Deen al Albaani’s Checking of Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee’s book Iqtidaa-ul-‘Ilm Al-‘Amal (pg. 1).

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Braying drunkard

 

Al-‘Awâm b. Hawshab (148H) – Allâh have mercy on him – said:

I once came to an area in one part of which was a graveyard. After ‘asr, one of the graves split open and a man with the head of a donkey and the body of a human came up from it and brayed three times, after which the grave closed back up on him. I then saw an old woman weaving fleece or wool, and a woman said, “Do you see that old woman?” I said, “What about her?” She replied, “That is the mother of this [dead] man.” I asked, “What was his story?” She replied, “He used to drink wine, and whenever he would go out his mother would say, ‘O my son, fear Allâh; until when will you keep drinking wine?’ He would reply, ‘You bray like a donkey.’” The woman said, “He then died after ‘asr, so every day after ‘asr the grave opens up and he brays a few times, then the grave closes up on him again.”

  • Al-Hâfidh Abul-Qâsim Al-Asbahânî, Al-Targhîb wa Al-Tarhîb article 471.

Shaykh Nâsir Al-Dîn Al-Albânî graded this narration hasan in his edition of Al-Mundhirî’s Al-Targhîb wa Al-Tarhîb. See Sahîh Al-Targhîb wa Al-Tarhîb hadîth 2517.

Al-Mundhirî quotes Al-Asbahânî as saying:
This [story] was narrated by Abul-’Abbâs Al-Asam in a dictation at Naysâbûr, in the presence of great preservers [of traditions] and people of Knowledge, and they did not reject it.

Source: sayingsofthesalaf.net

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