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Archive for the ‘cultivation/purification’ Category

 Regarding his ﷺ Guidance
 in voluntary charity (Sadaqah at-Tatawwu’)

He (ﷺ) was the greatest of the people in giving charity with whatever was in his hands and he did not overestimate the value of anything which Allah gave him, nor did he underestimate it (i.e. nothing in his possession was considered too much or too little by him to be given in charity). If someone asked him for something, he would give him, whether it was little or much and his happiness and joy in giving were greater than that of the receiver! And when a person in need submitted his case to him (ﷺ), he would give preference to his needs over his own, sometimes with his food and sometimes with his clothes.

His (ﷺ) giving and charity were different types: Sometimes, it took the form of a gift, sometimes charity and sometimes a grant; and sometimes he would buy something and give it to the seller along with its price. At other times, he would borrow something and then return more than he had borrowed. He would accept a gift and in return, he (ﷺ) would give something of greater value, [1] out of kindness and in order to express all diverse forms of charitable deeds to the utmost of his ability. His benevolence was expressed with his property, his actions and his words. He (ﷺ) would give whatever he had, he would order the giving of charity and he would encourage it, so that if a miserly person saw him (ﷺ), his behaviour would call upon him to be giving.

Anyone who associated with him could not help but be kind and generous. For this reason, he was the most open-hearted of people and the finest soul among them; for charity and righteous deeds have an amazing ability to open the heart – and this was in addition to the things by which Allah had distinguished him, such as His opening his heart by the Message, its special characteristics and its consequences and the opening of his heart to compassion and the removal of Satan’s portion (i.e. influence) from it.

And the greatest cause of open-heartedness is Monotheism, Tawheed; and in accordance with its completeness, its strength and its increase, a person’s heart will be opened; Allaah Most High says:

أَفَمَن شَرَحَ ٱللَّهُ صَدۡرَهُ ۥ لِلۡإِسۡلَـٰمِ فَهُوَ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ۬ مِّن رَّبِّهِۦ‌ۚ
فَوَيۡلٌ۬ لِّلۡقَـٰسِيَةِ قُلُوبُہُم مِّن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ فِى ضَلَـٰلٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ

‘Is he whose heart Allah has opened to Islam,  so that he is in light from his Lord (as he who is a non-Muslim)?’

az-Zumar:22


فَمَن يُرِدِ ٱللَّهُ أَن يَهۡدِيَهُ ۥ يَشۡرَحۡ صَدۡرَهُ ۥ لِلۡإِسۡلَـٰمِ‌ۖ
وَمَن يُرِدۡ أَن يُضِلَّهُ ۥ يَجۡعَلۡ صَدۡرَهُ ۥ ضَيِّقًا حَرَجً۬ا

‘And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam and  whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his breast closed and constricted’

al-An’aam:125

Another cause is the Light which Allah places in the heart, and that is the light of Faith (Iman).

It is reported in ‘Sunan at-Tirmidhi‘ in a Marfu’ form:

          ‘ إذا دخل النّورالقلب انفسح وانشرح ‘

‘When the Light enters the heart, it is expanded and opened’ [2]

Another cause is knowledge, for it opens the heart and expands it; but this is not true for all knowledge – only for that which we have inherited from the Prophet (ﷺ).

Still another cause is turning in repentance to Allah and loving Him with all one’s heart. And love has an amazing effect in opening the heart and bringing about goodness of the soul. And the more love for Him grows stronger, the more the heart is opened and it is not straitened except by the idle ones.

And another cause is being constant in the remembrance of Allah, for Dhikr has an amazing effect in opening the heart.

Also among them is acting righteously (Ihsan) towards all created beings and benefitting them to the best of one’s ability, through ones wealth and status and by physically helping them with all sorts of righteous deeds.

As for spiritual happiness and bliss, it is forbidden to every coward, as it is forbidden to every miser and every person who turns away from Allah, unmindful of remembrance of Him and ignorant of Him and His religion and whose heart is attracted to other than Him; and no heed should be paid to the opening of the heart of such a person due to something which befalls him, nor to the anguish of his heart caused by some mishap befalling him for verily, the things which affect the heart are removed by removing their causes (i.e. if happiness depends on some material thing, then the removal of that material thing will cause unhappiness); what is relied upon is the quality of the heart that makes it open or straitened for it is the measure of the heart.

Another cause – indeed, the greatest of them – is the removal of corruption in the heart caused by reprehensible characteristics.

And also amongst them is abandoning looking into undesirable things, vain speech, listening to undesirable things, mixing with undesirable people, eating bad things and sleeping excessively.

~Transcription: Mukhtasar Zaad al Ma’ad Eng trans.pg 113-115|| Ibn Qayyim

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Footnotes:

[1] Narrated by al-Bukhari
[2] According to Shu’aib and ‘Abdul-Qadir Al-Arna’ut who checked the ahadeeth of the full version of ‘Zaad al-Ma’ad’, it was not narrated by at-Tirmidhee, as Ibn Qayyim states, but by at-Tabari, on the authority of Ibn Mas’ood (رضي الله عنه) and it was mention by as-Suyuti in ‘ad-Darr al-Manthur’ and by Ibn Katheer, who related it from Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Jareer (at-Tabari). Some f its chains of narrators are connected (Muttasil) and some of them are broken (Mursal) and they all strengthen each other.

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Imaam Aboo Uthmaan as-Saaboonee (d.449H) (rahimahullah) said:

And one of the distinguishing signs of Ahlus-Sunnah is their love for the Imaams of the Sunnah, its Scholars, its helpers, and its close allies, and their hatred for the leaders of innovation who call to the Hell-Fire and who direct their associates and companions to the home of torment destruction. Allaah, the Sublime, has adorned the hearts of Ahlus-Sunnah, and the light of their hearts with love for the Scholars of the Sunnah, as a bounty from Him, Whose Magnificence is perfect and Sublime.

  • Aqeedatus-Salaf wa Ashaabul-Hadeeh of Aboo Uthmaan as-Saaboonee (rahimahullah)

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Imaam Ibnul-Qayyim, rahimahullah said:

If you would like to draw a conclusion of what is contained in someone’s heart then use as a proof the movements of his tongue, for surely, he will show you what is contained in his heart regardless of whether he wants to or not.

Yahyaa Ibn Mu’aadh said, The hearts are like pots. They boil with that which they contain and their tongues are their ladles [i.e. scooping spoons]. So look at a man when he speaks. His tongue will scoop out for you that which is contained in his heart, whether it is sweet or bitter, fresh or salty and other than that. And the flavor of his heart will become clear to you from that which his tongue scoops out. 1

This means that just as you can taste the flavor of foods being cooked with your tongue and you realize the true flavor of them, similarly you can taste what is in a man’s heart by way of his tongue, in the same manner that you can taste what is in the pot with your tongue.

Footnote: 1) Collected by Aboo Nu’aym in “al-Hilyah” (vol. 10/pg. 63)

  • Source: “al-Jawaabul-Kaafee/ad-Daa wad-Dawaa” (pg. 242-249) – K.S.A.: Daaru Ibnil-Jauzee-2006

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After what has preceded I think that there is no harm if we say that half of the rectification of society, if not the majority of it, is dependant on the women and this is because of two reasons:

The first reason is that the population of women is similar to that of men if not greater in number. Rather, they are the majority of the children of Adam. What i mean is that the majority of the the children of Adam are women. Just as the Prophetic Sunnah points to this fact. But this differs from one place to another and at one time to another. Because the women could out number the men in a particular place and it could be the opposite in another place. Just as the women could out number the man at a particular time and opposite at another time. In any case the women has a major role in rectifying the society.

The second reason is that the upbringing of generations, firstly starts under the supervision and the guardianship of the women. This brings clarity to the importance of the role, which is obligatory upon the women in rectifying society.

  • The importance of the Women’s role in the Rectification of Society by Ash-Shaykh, Al-Allaamah Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al’ Uthaymeen p6

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Lecture by Abul-Hasan Maalik:

Clarification Concerning the ‘Aqeedah and the Manhaj of the Salaf

click to listen insha’Allaah:

Clarification of aqeedah and manhaj of the salaf

 

Reading from the book al Mawrid by Al Allaamah, Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmee Rahimahullaahu ta’alaa

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It is reported that Salmân Al-Fârsî – Allâh be pleased with him – said:

“I would rather die and be resurrected, die and be resurrected, and again die and be resurrected than to see the private part of a Muslim’s body or for a Muslim to see mine.”

  • Imâm Ahmad, Al-Zuhd p192. 1st ed. 1983. Dâr Al-Kutub Al-’Ilmîyah. Beirut, Lebanon.

It is reported that ‘Abdullâh b, ‘Umar – Allâh have mercy on him – said:

“Verily, part of disregarding the trust upon you is to look inside [other people’s] apartments and houses.”

  • Ibn Abî Al-Dunyâ, Kitâb Al-Wara’ article 71.

It is reported that Anas b. Mâlik – Allâh be pleased with him – said:

“If a woman passes in front of you, lower your eyes until she has passed by.”

  • Ibid. article 72.

It is reported that Al-’Alâ b. Ziyâd – Allâh have mercy on him – said:

“Let not your sight follow the nice looking back of a woman [as she passed], for indeed the look causes the desire in the heart.”

  • Ibid. article 77.

It is reported on the authority of Al-Wakî’ b. Al-Jarrâh:

We went out one Eid with Sufyân Al-Thawrî and he said, “The first thing we will do on this day of ours is to lower our gaze.”

  • Ibid. article 66.

It is reported that Hassân b. Abî Sinân – Allâh have mercy on him – went out one Eid and when he returned home his wife said, “How many beautiful women have you looked at today?” After she kept asking him, he said, “Woe to you! I have looked at nothing but my toe from when I went out to when I returned to you.”

  • Ibid. article 68.

Source: http://www.sayingsofthesalaf.net

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    Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

    Question posed to al Allaamah ash-Shaykh Saleh al Fawzaan Hafidhahullaah

    Question: What is the (proper) way to rectify and cleanse the heart from rancor and envy? And what are the most effective ways to reform the heart in this life?

    Answer: Rectification of the heart takes place in different ways. Firstly, sincerity in ones intention for Allaah ‘azza wa jall when doing righteous actions and visualizing the magnitude of Allaah jall wa ‘alla and bearing in mind one’s (absolute) need of Allaah ‘azza wa jall.

    Also remembering Allaah much. Allaah, the Most High says: “Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allaah – Islamic Monotheism), and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allaah, Verily, in the remembrance of Allaah do hearts find rest.” (13:28) So from that which rectifies the heart is remembering Allaah much. The Messenger, sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallaam, has said: The example of the who remembers Allaah and the one who does not remember Allaah is like that of the living and the dead.

    Likewise from the means for the revitalization of the heart is consuming from the halaal (lawful) and leaving off consuming from the haraam (unlawful) because it (i.e. consuming from the haraam) hardens the heart, corrupts and sickens it. Evil nourishment(s) affect the heart and body. And likewise from the reasons Allaah says: “O (you) Messengers! Eat of the Tayyibaat [all kinds of halaal (lawful) foods (meat of slaughtered edible animals, milk products, fats, vegetables, fruits, etc.], and do righteous deeds.” (23:51) and Allaah ordered the believers with that which He ordered the Messengers, He says: “O you who believe (in the Oneness of Allaah – Islamic Monotheism)! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you with…” (2:172)

    Consuming from the tayyibaat means the lawful things because Allaah has made permissible for us the tayyibaat and prohibited upon us the khabaaith (evil things). So therefore, nutrition with the tayyibaat, i.e. which are the lawful things, nourishes the heart with a pleasant nourishment just as nutrition with noxious things nourishes the heart with an abhorrent nourishment. And from those matters that sicken the heart are listening to music and flutes and the like which has become very prevalent in this time (of ours).

    From those affairs that sicken the heart or cause it to die is busying one’s self with obscenities and the internet and whatever these evil devices promote from wickedness and evil ideologies like forbidden lusts and despicable sights. This is from those affairs that plague the heart. Likewise accompanying wicked and individuals and sitting with them corrupts the heart whereas accompanying the the upright people and the scholars and the people of goodness; is from those matter that reform the heart.


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