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 Regarding his ﷺ Guidance
 in voluntary charity (Sadaqah at-Tatawwu’)

He (ﷺ) was the greatest of the people in giving charity with whatever was in his hands and he did not overestimate the value of anything which Allah gave him, nor did he underestimate it (i.e. nothing in his possession was considered too much or too little by him to be given in charity). If someone asked him for something, he would give him, whether it was little or much and his happiness and joy in giving were greater than that of the receiver! And when a person in need submitted his case to him (ﷺ), he would give preference to his needs over his own, sometimes with his food and sometimes with his clothes.

His (ﷺ) giving and charity were different types: Sometimes, it took the form of a gift, sometimes charity and sometimes a grant; and sometimes he would buy something and give it to the seller along with its price. At other times, he would borrow something and then return more than he had borrowed. He would accept a gift and in return, he (ﷺ) would give something of greater value, [1] out of kindness and in order to express all diverse forms of charitable deeds to the utmost of his ability. His benevolence was expressed with his property, his actions and his words. He (ﷺ) would give whatever he had, he would order the giving of charity and he would encourage it, so that if a miserly person saw him (ﷺ), his behaviour would call upon him to be giving.

Anyone who associated with him could not help but be kind and generous. For this reason, he was the most open-hearted of people and the finest soul among them; for charity and righteous deeds have an amazing ability to open the heart – and this was in addition to the things by which Allah had distinguished him, such as His opening his heart by the Message, its special characteristics and its consequences and the opening of his heart to compassion and the removal of Satan’s portion (i.e. influence) from it.

And the greatest cause of open-heartedness is Monotheism, Tawheed; and in accordance with its completeness, its strength and its increase, a person’s heart will be opened; Allaah Most High says:

أَفَمَن شَرَحَ ٱللَّهُ صَدۡرَهُ ۥ لِلۡإِسۡلَـٰمِ فَهُوَ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ۬ مِّن رَّبِّهِۦ‌ۚ
فَوَيۡلٌ۬ لِّلۡقَـٰسِيَةِ قُلُوبُہُم مِّن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ فِى ضَلَـٰلٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ

‘Is he whose heart Allah has opened to Islam,  so that he is in light from his Lord (as he who is a non-Muslim)?’

az-Zumar:22


فَمَن يُرِدِ ٱللَّهُ أَن يَهۡدِيَهُ ۥ يَشۡرَحۡ صَدۡرَهُ ۥ لِلۡإِسۡلَـٰمِ‌ۖ
وَمَن يُرِدۡ أَن يُضِلَّهُ ۥ يَجۡعَلۡ صَدۡرَهُ ۥ ضَيِّقًا حَرَجً۬ا

‘And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam and  whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his breast closed and constricted’

al-An’aam:125

Another cause is the Light which Allah places in the heart, and that is the light of Faith (Iman).

It is reported in ‘Sunan at-Tirmidhi‘ in a Marfu’ form:

          ‘ إذا دخل النّورالقلب انفسح وانشرح ‘

‘When the Light enters the heart, it is expanded and opened’ [2]

Another cause is knowledge, for it opens the heart and expands it; but this is not true for all knowledge – only for that which we have inherited from the Prophet (ﷺ).

Still another cause is turning in repentance to Allah and loving Him with all one’s heart. And love has an amazing effect in opening the heart and bringing about goodness of the soul. And the more love for Him grows stronger, the more the heart is opened and it is not straitened except by the idle ones.

And another cause is being constant in the remembrance of Allah, for Dhikr has an amazing effect in opening the heart.

Also among them is acting righteously (Ihsan) towards all created beings and benefitting them to the best of one’s ability, through ones wealth and status and by physically helping them with all sorts of righteous deeds.

As for spiritual happiness and bliss, it is forbidden to every coward, as it is forbidden to every miser and every person who turns away from Allah, unmindful of remembrance of Him and ignorant of Him and His religion and whose heart is attracted to other than Him; and no heed should be paid to the opening of the heart of such a person due to something which befalls him, nor to the anguish of his heart caused by some mishap befalling him for verily, the things which affect the heart are removed by removing their causes (i.e. if happiness depends on some material thing, then the removal of that material thing will cause unhappiness); what is relied upon is the quality of the heart that makes it open or straitened for it is the measure of the heart.

Another cause – indeed, the greatest of them – is the removal of corruption in the heart caused by reprehensible characteristics.

And also amongst them is abandoning looking into undesirable things, vain speech, listening to undesirable things, mixing with undesirable people, eating bad things and sleeping excessively.

~Transcription: Mukhtasar Zaad al Ma’ad Eng trans.pg 113-115|| Ibn Qayyim

______________________________________________

Footnotes:

[1] Narrated by al-Bukhari
[2] According to Shu’aib and ‘Abdul-Qadir Al-Arna’ut who checked the ahadeeth of the full version of ‘Zaad al-Ma’ad’, it was not narrated by at-Tirmidhee, as Ibn Qayyim states, but by at-Tabari, on the authority of Ibn Mas’ood (رضي الله عنه) and it was mention by as-Suyuti in ‘ad-Darr al-Manthur’ and by Ibn Katheer, who related it from Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Jareer (at-Tabari). Some f its chains of narrators are connected (Muttasil) and some of them are broken (Mursal) and they all strengthen each other.

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Imaam Aboo Uthmaan as-Saaboonee (d.449H) (rahimahullah) said:

And one of the distinguishing signs of Ahlus-Sunnah is their love for the Imaams of the Sunnah, its Scholars, its helpers, and its close allies, and their hatred for the leaders of innovation who call to the Hell-Fire and who direct their associates and companions to the home of torment destruction. Allaah, the Sublime, has adorned the hearts of Ahlus-Sunnah, and the light of their hearts with love for the Scholars of the Sunnah, as a bounty from Him, Whose Magnificence is perfect and Sublime.

  • Aqeedatus-Salaf wa Ashaabul-Hadeeh of Aboo Uthmaan as-Saaboonee (rahimahullah)

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Imaam Ibnul-Qayyim, rahimahullah said:

If you would like to draw a conclusion of what is contained in someone’s heart then use as a proof the movements of his tongue, for surely, he will show you what is contained in his heart regardless of whether he wants to or not.

Yahyaa Ibn Mu’aadh said, The hearts are like pots. They boil with that which they contain and their tongues are their ladles [i.e. scooping spoons]. So look at a man when he speaks. His tongue will scoop out for you that which is contained in his heart, whether it is sweet or bitter, fresh or salty and other than that. And the flavor of his heart will become clear to you from that which his tongue scoops out. 1

This means that just as you can taste the flavor of foods being cooked with your tongue and you realize the true flavor of them, similarly you can taste what is in a man’s heart by way of his tongue, in the same manner that you can taste what is in the pot with your tongue.

Footnote: 1) Collected by Aboo Nu’aym in “al-Hilyah” (vol. 10/pg. 63)

  • Source: “al-Jawaabul-Kaafee/ad-Daa wad-Dawaa” (pg. 242-249) – K.S.A.: Daaru Ibnil-Jauzee-2006

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After what has preceded I think that there is no harm if we say that half of the rectification of society, if not the majority of it, is dependant on the women and this is because of two reasons:

The first reason is that the population of women is similar to that of men if not greater in number. Rather, they are the majority of the children of Adam. What i mean is that the majority of the the children of Adam are women. Just as the Prophetic Sunnah points to this fact. But this differs from one place to another and at one time to another. Because the women could out number the men in a particular place and it could be the opposite in another place. Just as the women could out number the man at a particular time and opposite at another time. In any case the women has a major role in rectifying the society.

The second reason is that the upbringing of generations, firstly starts under the supervision and the guardianship of the women. This brings clarity to the importance of the role, which is obligatory upon the women in rectifying society.

  • The importance of the Women’s role in the Rectification of Society by Ash-Shaykh, Al-Allaamah Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al’ Uthaymeen p6

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Lecture by Abul-Hasan Maalik:

Clarification Concerning the ‘Aqeedah and the Manhaj of the Salaf

click to listen insha’Allaah:

Clarification of aqeedah and manhaj of the salaf

 

Reading from the book al Mawrid by Al Allaamah, Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmee Rahimahullaahu ta’alaa

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It is reported that Salmân Al-Fârsî – Allâh be pleased with him – said:

“I would rather die and be resurrected, die and be resurrected, and again die and be resurrected than to see the private part of a Muslim’s body or for a Muslim to see mine.”

  • Imâm Ahmad, Al-Zuhd p192. 1st ed. 1983. Dâr Al-Kutub Al-’Ilmîyah. Beirut, Lebanon.

It is reported that ‘Abdullâh b, ‘Umar – Allâh have mercy on him – said:

“Verily, part of disregarding the trust upon you is to look inside [other people’s] apartments and houses.”

  • Ibn Abî Al-Dunyâ, Kitâb Al-Wara’ article 71.

It is reported that Anas b. Mâlik – Allâh be pleased with him – said:

“If a woman passes in front of you, lower your eyes until she has passed by.”

  • Ibid. article 72.

It is reported that Al-’Alâ b. Ziyâd – Allâh have mercy on him – said:

“Let not your sight follow the nice looking back of a woman [as she passed], for indeed the look causes the desire in the heart.”

  • Ibid. article 77.

It is reported on the authority of Al-Wakî’ b. Al-Jarrâh:

We went out one Eid with Sufyân Al-Thawrî and he said, “The first thing we will do on this day of ours is to lower our gaze.”

  • Ibid. article 66.

It is reported that Hassân b. Abî Sinân – Allâh have mercy on him – went out one Eid and when he returned home his wife said, “How many beautiful women have you looked at today?” After she kept asking him, he said, “Woe to you! I have looked at nothing but my toe from when I went out to when I returned to you.”

  • Ibid. article 68.

Source: http://www.sayingsofthesalaf.net

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    Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

    Question posed to al Allaamah ash-Shaykh Saleh al Fawzaan Hafidhahullaah

    Question: What is the (proper) way to rectify and cleanse the heart from rancor and envy? And what are the most effective ways to reform the heart in this life?

    Answer: Rectification of the heart takes place in different ways. Firstly, sincerity in ones intention for Allaah ‘azza wa jall when doing righteous actions and visualizing the magnitude of Allaah jall wa ‘alla and bearing in mind one’s (absolute) need of Allaah ‘azza wa jall.

    Also remembering Allaah much. Allaah, the Most High says: “Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allaah – Islamic Monotheism), and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allaah, Verily, in the remembrance of Allaah do hearts find rest.” (13:28) So from that which rectifies the heart is remembering Allaah much. The Messenger, sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallaam, has said: The example of the who remembers Allaah and the one who does not remember Allaah is like that of the living and the dead.

    Likewise from the means for the revitalization of the heart is consuming from the halaal (lawful) and leaving off consuming from the haraam (unlawful) because it (i.e. consuming from the haraam) hardens the heart, corrupts and sickens it. Evil nourishment(s) affect the heart and body. And likewise from the reasons Allaah says: “O (you) Messengers! Eat of the Tayyibaat [all kinds of halaal (lawful) foods (meat of slaughtered edible animals, milk products, fats, vegetables, fruits, etc.], and do righteous deeds.” (23:51) and Allaah ordered the believers with that which He ordered the Messengers, He says: “O you who believe (in the Oneness of Allaah – Islamic Monotheism)! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you with…” (2:172)

    Consuming from the tayyibaat means the lawful things because Allaah has made permissible for us the tayyibaat and prohibited upon us the khabaaith (evil things). So therefore, nutrition with the tayyibaat, i.e. which are the lawful things, nourishes the heart with a pleasant nourishment just as nutrition with noxious things nourishes the heart with an abhorrent nourishment. And from those matters that sicken the heart are listening to music and flutes and the like which has become very prevalent in this time (of ours).

    From those affairs that sicken the heart or cause it to die is busying one’s self with obscenities and the internet and whatever these evil devices promote from wickedness and evil ideologies like forbidden lusts and despicable sights. This is from those affairs that plague the heart. Likewise accompanying wicked and individuals and sitting with them corrupts the heart whereas accompanying the the upright people and the scholars and the people of goodness; is from those matter that reform the heart.


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    Ash shaykhul Islaam  Ibn Taymiyyah Rahimahullaah said in his essay on al uboodiyyah:

    The true ‘abd however, is the one who is pleased with what pleases Allaah and His Messenger; who has hatred for what Allaah and His Messenger hate; offers walaa’ to the awaliyaa’ of Allaah and holds enmity towards the enemies of Allaah. This is the person who has fulfilled emaan as in the hadeeth:

    “Whoever loves for Allaah; hates for Allaah; gives for Allaah and denies for Allaah has fulfilled emaan”(1)

    He (sallallahy alyhi wa sallaam) also said:

    “The firmest bond of emaan is love for Allaah and hate for Allaah”(2)

    Also recorded in the saheeh, the Prophet (sallallahu alyhi wa sallaam) has said:

    ” Three (qualities), whoever possess them, will find the sweetness of emaan: that Allaah and His Messenger are more beloved to him besides anyone else, that he loves someone only for the sake of Allaah and that he hates to return to kufr after Allaah has delivered him from it just as he hates to be slung into the fire”(3)


    Thus, this person agreed with His Lord in that which He loves and hates. Allaah and His Messenger became the most beloved of all to him and he loved the creation for Allaah, not for any other reason. This was a result of his perfection of love for Allaah, since (also) having love for what ones beloved loves, constitutes perfection of having love for ones beloved.

    So if he loves the Prophet of Allaah and the awliyaa of Allaah because of their accomplishment of what al-Haqq loves, not for any other reason, he has then loved them for Allaah and none other.

    Allaah has indeed said

    Allâh will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him; humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers”-Al Maaidah:54


    This is why Allaah has said:

    “Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم  to mankind): “If you (really) love Allâh then follow me (i.e. accept Islâmic Monotheism, follow the Qur’ân and the Sunnah), Allâh will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” -Aali Imran 3:31

    The Messenger (sallallahu alyhi wa sallaam) only commands that which Allaah loves, prohibites that which Allaah hates, he only does that which Allaah loves and informs of that which Allaah loves to ratify.

    Hence, whoever loves Allaah, has to follow the messenger; by believing in him in that which he informs, obeying his orders and emulating him in his actions. whoever does this has indeed performed what Allaah loves and consequently, Allaah will love him.

    Footnotes

    (1) Related by Abu Dawood no.4681, at-Tabaraanee in al-Kabeer no.7613,7737 & 7738 and al-Baghawee no.13/54 with a hasan chain from Aboo Umaamah.

    (2) A hasan hadeeth that has a number of chains from several companions. The best of these chains is that related by Imaam at-Tabaraanee in al-Mu’jam al- Kabeer no10357 from ibn Masoud with hasan chain, Allaah willing. I have a seperate treatise on the chains and takhreej of this hadeeth.

    (3) Related by al- Bukharee no.16, 21, 6041 & 6491; Muslim no.43; ibn Majah no.4033; an- Nasaa’ee no.8/94-96; at- Tirmidhee no.2626; Ahmad no.3/103, 172, 174, 230, 245, 275 & 288; at- Tayaalisee no.1959 & Mandah in al- Emaan no.281, 282 & 284 from Anas RadhiAllaahu anhu.

    • Transcribed from Al Uboodiyyah of shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah Rahimahullaah (Eng. Trans. pg. 115-117)

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    On the Authority of Ibn Umar RadhiAllaahu anhumma who said:The Messenger of Allaah took me by the shoulders and said:

    “Be in this world as if you are a stranger or a wayfarer”

    “Meaning: A stranger is one who resides in a land whilst not being from its people. A wayfarer is one who passes by a land while travelling by foot. And the like of those ‘I mean the stranger or the wayfarer’ does not take that land as being a lasting residence, because he is a traveller”-ibn Uthaymeen

    Click for pdf :

    Explanation of hadith- The existence of the believer

    By al ‘Allaamah as shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen Rahimahullaah

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    Bismillaah wa salaatu salaam alaa RasulAllaaah

     

    Origins of Evil: chapter – The hearts attachment to the life of this world by ash-Shaykh Muhammad al Imaam Hafidahullaah.

    what I fear most for the Muslim is the heart’s attachment to the life of this world. In keeping with this, the prophet (sallallahu alyhi wa sallaam) said:

    On the authority of Abu Darda RadhiAllaahu anhu:
    “Do you fear poverty? By The One whom my soul is in His hands, verily the
    life of this world bombards one of you until it causes the heart to deviate. I have left you upon clarity, which its night is like its day”
    (Ibn Majah)

    The more the Muslim’s love for this world increases, the more he is submerged into its worship.

    “How miserable is the servant of the Dinar, Dirham and the Khamisha (clothing). If he is given (what he worships) he is pleased. If he doesnt recieve it, he becomes angry. Let such a person perish and be
    humiliated! And if he is pricked with a thorn, then don’t let him find anyone to remove it.”
    (Bukhari)

    Is the struggling believer engaged in the fight against shirk and other battles exposed to a danger greater than the danger of drowning in the worship of material things? Some of the salaf (pious predecessors) have said:

    “Before Islam, we used to worship idols and now we worship the value of things”

    A people’s worship of the dunya signifies how passionate and commanding that worship is. Their love for the life of this world is likened to a servant’s love for Allaah – or greater. They experience pleasure when they attain any worldly trimming, but become angry when it escapes them. Everything they do is centered on their worship of this life.

    The person seeking the temporal things of this life, at times, sells his or her religion in exchange for a piece of their heart’s desire. Related by Muslim, The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alyhi wa sallaam) said:

    “Hasten to do (good) deeds, fearing the fitnah that is like the darkness of night. A man will go about in the evening a beliver and wake up in the morning a disbeliever. Or he will wake up in the morning a believer and go about in the evening a disbeliever- selling his religion for a portion of the dunya”.

    Selling off one’s religion, honour and sacrificing righteousness is the result of an attachment to the dunya. What transaction is more destructive than the Muslim trading their religion and consequently becomes a Jew. Christian, Magian or heretic?!

    Collected by At-Tirmidhee on the authority of Ka’b ibn Eyed, the Messenger of Allaah said:

    “Verily, every nation has its trials and the trial for my nation is wealth”.

    Look around. You’ll discover that your nation’s turmoil is the result of an extreme affection for the life of this world. Oh Allaah grant us peace and safety!

    The Qur’aan and Sunnah are full of warnings against reliance on this world.

    Allaah says:
    “Let not then this (worldly) present life deceive you, nor let the chief deceiver (Satan) deceive you about Allâh” (Luqman 31:33)


    “And strain not your eyes in longing for the things We have given for enjoyment to various groups of them (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh), the splendour of the life of this world that We may test them thereby.” (Ta-Ha 20:131)

    If the prophet (sallallahu alyhi wa sallaam) was cautioned about this world, then who are we not to take heed? By Allaah the temporal things of this world do not deserve the foot that walks towards them or the heart that cherishes them. Yet, you see (some) callers, people of knowledge, and students of knowledge craving them. It is their poison. They compete or swap with one another in order to gain a portion of this dunya.

    “And recite (O Muhammad Sallallahu alyhi wa sallaam) to them the story of him to whom We gave Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), but he threw them away, so Shaitân (Satan) followed him up, and he became of those who went astray.And had We willed, We would surely have elevated him therewith but he clung to the earth and followed his own vain desire. So his description is the description of a dog: if you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you leave him alone, he (still) lolls his tongue out.”(Al-A’raf 175-176)

    No one is safe. Nevertheless, in spite of the numerous warning like this in the Quran and the Sunnah about attaching one’s heart to the dunya, some blindly devote themselves to the pomp and glitter of this world – except the one who recieves Allaah’s mercy. To be free from this world one should act upon the subsequent commands:

    1) Fear Allaah. Acknowledge His ever-present supervision over you. Glorify and love Him. Allaah said:

    “And wish not for the things in which Allâh has made some of you to excel others. For men there is reward for what they have earned, (and likewise) for women there is reward for what they have earned, and ask Allâh of His Bounty.
    (An-Nisa 4:32)

    2) Seek (your) provisions from Allaah through halal means without abandoning the truth.

    3) Hope for the (blessings) that Allaah possess.

    Whatever is with you, will be exhausted, and whatever with Allâh (of good deeds) will remain.(An-Nahl 16:96)

    The one aided by Allaah said:

    Give glad tidings to the servant who prefers Allaah and strives with their worldly possessions to prepare for their meeting with their Lord”.

    4) Look at the speed to which this life passes. Scattered days appearing as confused dreams. Then death comes and severs the servant from this world and escorts them from this life. Their once unlawful pleasures are now their grief, pain, agony and  regret multiplied many times over than their gains in this life.

    ” We patch together our worldly life by shredding our religion to pieces (until) nothing remains of what we have patched.”

    5) Look at how the dunya transforms its residents. Allaah says:

    “Verily the likeness of (this) worldly life is as the water (rain) which We send down from the sky, so by it arises the intermingled produce of the earth of which men and cattle eat until when the earth is clad with its adornments and is beautified, and its people think that they have all the powers of disposal over it, Our Command reaches it by night or by day and We make it like a clean-mown harvest, as if it had not flourished yesterday! Thus do We explain the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, laws, etc.) in detail for the people who reflect.”(Yunus 10:24)

    The poet said:

    The dunya exclaims loudly about its possessions;
    Beware! Beware of my power and destruction,

    And don’t be decieved by my smile.
    My speech is laughter and my actions are sadness.”

    How wonderful is the person who said: To their slaves, when they are young, desires are sweet. But when they become old, desires are a punishment.”

    Those who love this world are punished the most in this life and when they die, they meet with further punishment in the barzakh and in the hereafter.

    Allaah says:
    So let not their wealth or their children amaze you (O Muhammad Sallallahu alyhi wa sallaam); in reality Allâh’s Plan is to punish them with these things in the life of the this world, and that their souls shall depart (die) while they are disbelievers.”-(At-Tawbah9:55)

    Everytime the person captivated by the pomp and glitter of this world grabs a piece of it, they are punished. It
    humiliates those who shamefully pursue it and honours those who pay no mind.

    And why shouldnt the slaves to this world reap the severest punishment in this life? They are distraught morning and night. They go in and out of grief, abandoning the very deeds that would bring about the solutions to their problems. Moreover, those who cling to the dunya squander the rights of Allaah and His creation and remain in a constant battle with the people. The examples of this are numerous.

    If the Muslim is not quick to avoid falling into a possible love affair with this world, he or she exposes themselves to joining the ranks of the losers in the next life. Allaah says:

    Whosoever desires the life of the world and its glitter; to them We shall pay in full (the wages of) their deeds therein, and they will have no diminution therein. They are those for whom there is nothing in the Hereafter but Fire; and vain are the deeds they did therein. And of no effect is that which they used to do.” (Hud 15-16)

    The difference between the Muslim and the disbeliever is that the Muslim desires the next life and the disbeliever
    desires this life. Oh, Muslims, Allaah has intended and decided that this life is within the grasp of your hands and the hereafter is within your hearts. Seek the provisions of this life through lawful channels and enjoy them. However, don’t taint your heart with an attachment to them. And, let it be that your efforts to acquire the necessities of this life are based on a desire to establish Islaam and gain the pleasure of Allaah.

    • Transcribed from ‘A warning to the son of Adam about the origins of evil by sh. Muhammad al Imaam pg 54-59





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