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Archive for the ‘Ibadah’ Category

Which is better for a Muslim woman, seeking knowledge or taking care of the house?

Question: Which is better for a Muslim woman, taking care of her house and husband, or devoting her time to seeking knowledge, and bringing a servant to take care of the house?

Answer: Yes, it is obligatory for a Muslim woman to strive to understand her religion as much as possible, but serving her husband, obeying her husband and raising her children are also important obligations. She should make time to learn every day, even if it is only a little. Or she should put aside some time for reading and then the rest of her time will be for her daily work. In this way she will not be neglecting learning and she will not be neglecting her work and children and leaving them to a servant to look after. Seeking balance in this matter, by setting aside time for learning, even if it is a little, and time for her housework, will be sufficient for her.

~Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan|| al-Fataawa al-Jaami’ah li’l-Mar’ah al-Muslimah, part 3, p. 1085

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Eating to fast

 

It is reported that once, some good food was served to Anas [Ibn Mâlik] RadhiAllaahu anhu, and [the person who served the food] was well off enough to afford good food. As he was eating, he kept a morsel of the food in his mouth for a while, then looked at the people and began to cry.

Then he said,

“By Allâh, I have accompanied people who, if they could get hold of this kind of food, would have fasted even more often, and spent less time not fasting. One of them would find only milk mixed with water [as food], which he would drink and then fast on.”

~Al-Mu’âfâ b. ‘ImrânKitâb Al-Zuhd article 215

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 Instead ask One who has ordered you to ask Him

Asking Allaah expresses servitude of a profound nature because in doing so, one displays his need of Him and acknowledges His ability of answering that need. To ask a created object is oppressive because that object is unable to produce good for itself, or repress harm from itself, let alone do so for another!To ask of it is to put something that is unable in the place of One who is able.

The meaning is testified to by the hadith in Sahih Muslim on the authority of Abu Dharr that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said (Allaah says:), “My servants! If the first and last of you, the man and jinn of you, stood in one plain and asked of Me, and I grant every one his request, it would not decrease what is with Me except as a needle decreases the (volume) of an ocean when dipped in it” (Muslim)

Tirmidhee and others record an additional wording “…and that is because I am Generous, Rich beyond need, Glorious. I do what I wish. My gift is a word and My punishment is a word. When I wish a thing to be, I only say, ‘Be!’ and it is.” (Tirmidhee graded Hasan)


So how can one who is needy and incapable be asked yet the One who is rich and able be left?! This is truely astonishing!

One of the Salaf said, ‘I am ashamed to ask Allaah for anything of this world even though He owns it, so how can I possibly ask someone who does not own it?! ‘ i.e an object of creation.

One of the Salaf came upon difficult times and decided to ask one of his brothers for help. He saw a person in a dream saying,

Is it acceptable for one who is free,

When he finds all he wants with Allaah,

To incline his heart towards the servant?

He awoke to find that he was, amongst people, the most content of heart.

One of the Salaf said,I read the following in one of the heavenly scriptures:

“Allaah, Mighty and Magnificent, says, ‘Is someone other than Me hoped for during adversity?! Adversity is in my hand and I am the Ever-Living, the Self-Sustaining.  Someone other than Me is hoped for and his door is knocked on in the early hours?!  In My hands are the keys to all treasures and My door is open to whoever invokes Me!  Who can say that he placed his hope in Me during hardship yet I cut him off?  Who can say that he placed his hope in Me during adversity and I cut short his hope?  Who can say that he knocked on My door and I did not open it for him? I am the source of hopes, so how can hopes be severed before Me?  Am I a miser such that the servant finds me niggardly?  Is not the world, the Hereafter, kindness and grace entirely with Me?  What prevents the hopers from placing their hope in Me?  Were I to gather the inhabitants of the heavens and earth and grant each and everyone of them what I grant all of them together, and were I to fulfil the hope of each one of them, My dominion would not be decreased an atoms weight!  How can a dominion decrease, the sustainer of which is Me?  Wretched is the state of those who disobey Me and boldly encroach My proscriptions!” ‘

Allaah loves to be asked and is angry at someone who does not ask Him. He wants His servants to desire Him, to ask Him, to invoke Him and show their need of Him.

He loves those who are earnest and persistent in supplication. Creation generally hates being asked because it is in need and incapable.

Ibn al-Sammak said, ‘Ask not one who will run away from you rather than listen to your request, instead ask One who has ordered you to ask Him.

Abu’l- Ataiyyah said,

Allaah is angry if you leave asking Him

The child of Adam is angry when you ask Him

Direct your request to Allaah since

In our Lords blessings do we vacillate.


Yahya ibn Mu’adh would say, ‘O You who is angry at whoever does not ask of You, do not hold back from someone who does ask You!’

Allaah, Most High, requests His servants to ask of Him. Every night He calls out, ‘Is there one asking of Me that I may give im? Is there one invoking Me that I may respond?’ (-Bukhari & Muslim)

Allaah, The Most High says,


وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِى عَنِّى فَإِنِّى قَرِيبٌ‌ۖ أُجِيبُ دَعۡوَةَ ٱلدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ‌ۖ

If My servant asks you about Me, I am near. I answer the call of the caller when he calls on Me” (2:186)

Regardless of what time the servant supplicates to Him, he will find Him hearing, close and responsive; there will be no screen between the two and no sentry at the door. Were he to ask a created being, quickly would he find barriers erected, doors being closed and he will find it very difficult to reach the person most of the time.

~Ibn Rajab al Hanbali: Nuru’l l-Iqtibas fi Mishkat Wasiyyah al Nabi li’bn ‘Abbaas
The Legacy of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) Eng trans. pg. 76-79

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ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ فِى صَلَاتِہِمۡ خَـٰشِعُونَ


“Those who offer their Salât (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness”
(surah mu’minoon: 2)

Abdullaah ibn Umar said in commentary to this verse:
‘When they stood for prayer, they faced forward in their prayer, they lowered their gaze to the place of prostration, and they knew that Allaah had turned to them and so they did not look left or right’


  • As- suyooti, al Durr al-Manthur vol.10 pg.557

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On the authority of Abdullaah ibn Umar (May Allaah be pleased with them both) that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Whoever goes to sleep at night in a state of purification, there’s an angel that spends the night near him/her.The person doesn’t wake up except that the angel says: “Oh Allaah forgive your servant so and so, for indeed he/she went to sleep at night in a state of purification.”

 

(Ibn Hibbaan, Authenticated by Al-Imaam Al-Albaani in Saheeh At-Targheeb wa At-Tarheeb 1/317)

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Fatwa No. (4323):

Q: First: In light of the proverb, “Wisdom is taught through men’s eloquence’, I ask you to advise me how to strengthen my Iman (faith).

Second: I want to acquire knowledge of religion but as this kind of knowledge is not well cared for in Algeria; only a few Muslim brothers are keen on acquiring it. May Allah reward them.

Third: I’m working as a builder. The people working with me are not good Muslims. They talk about silly and obscene subjects.

Fourth: I have a friend whose Iman is weak. He usually speaks ill of our pious brothers. I feel uncomfortable because of him. I need your advice in this regard.

A: First: We advise you to recite and listen to the Qur’an regularly attempting to contemplate its meanings as much as you can. If you find difficulty in understanding any Qur’anic Ayah (verse), you may refer to scholars in your country or you may ask the scholars of Sunnah. We also advise you to constantly remember Allah using the authentic formulas of Dhikr (remembrance of Allah) like saying ‘ La Ilaha Illa Allah (there is no deity but Allah), Subhan Allah Wa Al-Hamdu Lillah Wa La Ilaha Illa Allah Wa Allahu Akbar (May Allah be Exalted, praise be to Allah, there is no deity but Allah, Allah is the Greatest). You may also refer to books such as (Al-Kalim Al-Tayyib), by Ibn Taymiyyah, (Al-Wabil Al-Sayyib) by Ibn Al-Qayyim (Riyad Al-Salihin) and (Al-Adhkar Al-Nawawiyyah) by Al-Nawawi. Faith increases and hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah. Allah (may He be Exalted) says:Surah Al-Ra`d, 13: 28 Verily, in the remembrance of Allýh do hearts find rest.

You should observe the five pillars of Islam while hoping for the mercy of Allah and putting your trust in Him with regard to all affairs. Allah (may He be Exalted) says:(Surah Al-Anfal, 8: 2-4) The believers are only those who, when Allýh is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses (this Qurýýn) are recited to them, they (i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (Alone). Who perform As-Salýt (Iqýmat-as-Salýt) and spend out of that We have provided them. It is they who are the believers in truth. For them are grades of dignity with their Lord, and Forgiveness, and a generous provision (Paradise).

Second: Islamic books are available in public libraries and book shops everywhere in the Muslim world. They are available upon request. We advise you to refer to scholars of Shari`ah who will guide you to borrow or buy the kind of books that may benefit you. You should ask scholars about matters which you find difficult to understand. We do not mind answering any question you may ask concerning matters of the Islamic Shari`ah. We ask Allah to make us steadfast upon the truth. Allah alone is the One Whose help is sought.

Third and Fourth: You should keep company of righteous people who may provide you with beneficial knowledge that will be helpful to you in performing acts of obedience. You should avoid evil company who may affect your morals, deject your enthusiasm, weaken your resolution in performing the rites of your religion or fulfilling your family role and who may tarnish your reputation. The Prophet (peace be upon him) advised his Ummah to keep company of righteous people and warned them against evil company. He set the following noble parable in this regard saying: The similitude of good company and that of bad company is that of the owner of musk and of the one blowing bellows, as for the owner of musk, you would buy from, or he would offer you free of charge, or you would smell its pleasant odour, and so far as one who blows the bellows is concerned, he would either burn your clothes or you shall have to smell its repugnant smell. Narrated by Al-Bukhari on the authority of Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him).

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet, his family, and companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and ‘Ifta
`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud

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Imaam Ibnul-Qayyim, rahimahullah said:

If you would like to draw a conclusion of what is contained in someone’s heart then use as a proof the movements of his tongue, for surely, he will show you what is contained in his heart regardless of whether he wants to or not.

Yahyaa Ibn Mu’aadh said, The hearts are like pots. They boil with that which they contain and their tongues are their ladles [i.e. scooping spoons]. So look at a man when he speaks. His tongue will scoop out for you that which is contained in his heart, whether it is sweet or bitter, fresh or salty and other than that. And the flavor of his heart will become clear to you from that which his tongue scoops out. 1

This means that just as you can taste the flavor of foods being cooked with your tongue and you realize the true flavor of them, similarly you can taste what is in a man’s heart by way of his tongue, in the same manner that you can taste what is in the pot with your tongue.

Footnote: 1) Collected by Aboo Nu’aym in “al-Hilyah” (vol. 10/pg. 63)

  • Source: “al-Jawaabul-Kaafee/ad-Daa wad-Dawaa” (pg. 242-249) – K.S.A.: Daaru Ibnil-Jauzee-2006

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