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Archive for the ‘Ibn Taymiyyah’ Category

The Best Way for Sisters to Say the Supplication to Alleviate Grief, Distress and Anxiety

 

According to Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (May Allah have mercy upon him)
An exclusive translation for Sisters Upon Al-Istiqaamah

Imam Ahmed, Musnad (1/391), and others reported upon the authority of Ibn Mas’ood that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “No slave is afflicted with anxiety and grief, and then says:

‘O Allah, I am Your slave, son of Your male slave, son of Your female slave. My forelock is in Your hand. Your judgement upon me is assured and whatever you have decreed for me is just. I ask You by every name belonging to You which You have named Yourself with, revealed in Your Book, taught one of Your creation or which You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You that You make the Qur’aan the spring of my heart and the light of my chest, a banisher for my grief and a reliever for my anxiety.’
Except that Allaah will replace his distress and grief with joy.”

He was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, should we not learn it?’ He said, “Of course, whoever hears it should learn it.”

Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allah have mercy upon him) was asked about a woman who heard the hadeeth: ‘O Allah, I am Your slave , son of Your male slave, son of Your slave. My forelock is in Your hand…(to the end of the hadeeth. And she continuously used this wording. So she was instructed to say, “O Allah I am your female slave  daughter of Your female slave- until the end of it.” However, she refused to say this and persisted upon the original wording. Is she correct in this or not?

He responded:

“Rather, it is befitting for her to say, “O Allah, I am Your female slave (أمتك), daughter (بنت) of Your male slave (عبدك), son of Your female slave (أمتك).”
اللَّهُمَّ إنِّي أَمَتك بِنتُ عَبْدِك ابْنِ أَمَتِك

This is more appropriate and better even though her statement “I am your slave (عبدك), son (ابن) of your slave” has a angle in the Arabic language like the word Zawj (i.e. which can be used for man or wife). And Allah knows best.”

Majmoo’ Al-Fataawa Vol. 22, p. 488.

 

The supplication in Arabic:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّى عَبْدُكَ وَابْنُ عَبْدِكَ وَابْنُ أَمَتِكَ نَاصِيَتِى بِيَدِكَ مَاضٍ فِىَّ حُكْمُكَ عَدْلٌ فِىَّ قَضَاؤُكَ أَسْأَلُكَ بِكُلِّ اسْمٍ هُوَ لَكَ سَمَّيْتَ بِهِ نَفْسَكَ أَوْ عَلَّمْتَهُ أَحَداً مِنْ خَلْقِكَ أَوْ أَنْزَلْتَهُ فِى كِتَابِكَ أَوِ اسْتَأْثَرْتَ بِهِ فِى عِلْمِ الْغَيْبِ عِنْدَكَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ الْقُرْآنَ رَبِيعَ قَلْبِى وَنُورَ صَدْرِى وَجَلاَءَ حُزْنِى وَذَهَابَ هَمِّى

So according to Shaykh Al-Islam it is better for women to say:

اللَّهُمَّ إنِّي أَمَتك بِنتُ عَبْدِك ابْنِ أَمَتِك

And the rest of the supplication is exactly the same.

Sisters Upon Al-Istiqaamah

 

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Sincerity …

Ibn Taymiyyah:


‘Sincerity for Allaah is that a person’s intent is for Allaah and intends everything for Him, causing fountains of wisdom to spring up from his heart on to his tongue.’


~Imaam ibn Taymiyyah||’an-Naboowaat’ 147

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Young Ibn Taymiyyah

(رحيمه الله)

Ibn Abdul-Haadi, Shaikhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah’s student wrote:

“And it so happened that a Shaikh from Aleppo came to Damascus, saying, “I have heard that in this city there is a boy who goes by the name of Ahmad the son of Taymiyyah and that he is extremely quick in memorising. I have come perchance I may see him.”

So a tailor said to him, “This is his route to school and he has not yet come, so sit with us. Anytime now he will pass us on his way to the school.”

So the Aleppan Shaikh sat down for a short while. Then two young boys walked by, so the tailor said to the Shaikh, “The young boy carrying that large tablet – he is Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah.”

So the Shaikh called him and he (Ibn Taymiyyah) came to him. Then the Shaikh took the tablet and looked at what was written therein. Then he said, “O my son! Wipe this out so that I can dictate something to you which you can write.”

So Ibn Taymiyyah did so. Then the Shaikh dictated eleven or thirteen sayings of the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallaam) to him. Then the Shaikh said to him, “Read this.”

So Ibn Taymiyyah looked over it once after he had written it and then gave the tablet back to the Shaikh. So he said, “Read it to me.”

So he read it back to him in the best way possible. Then the Shaikh said to him, “O my son! Wipe this out.”

So he wiped it out and the Shaikh dictated a number of chains of narrations that he had chosen and said, “Read this.”

Ibn Taymiyyah looked at it and he did as he had done the first time. So the Shaikh stood up, saying, “If this young boy lives long he will have a great standing and rank – since the like of this has not been seen before.”

Ibn Naasirud-Deen narrated the saying of Abul-Muzaffar As-Sarmari, “And from the amazing matters regarding memorisation in our time is the Shaikh of Islaam Abul-Abbaas Ahmad bin Abdul-Haleem bin Taymiyyah. Since he would come across a book and would look over it once only after which it would be inscribed in his mind. He would be able to discuss it thereafter, narrating from it in his written works with its precise wording and meaning.

And from the most amazing of what I have heard about him is what some of his companions narrated to me.

They said that in the start of his affair when he was a young boy his father wanted to take his sons for an outing to a garden. So he said to Ibn Taymiyyah, “O Ahmad! Go out with your brothers and relax.”

So he excused himself from that however his father persisted. But the young Ibn Taymiyyah strongly declined, saying, “I would like you to excuse me from going out.”

So his father let him stay and left with his other sons. They spent their day in the garden and returned at the end of the day whereupon his father said to him, “O Ahmad! You deserted your brothers today! And you annoyed them because of your absence from them. So what is this?”

So he replied, “O father! Today I memorised this book.”  Alluding to a book with him. So his father replied, “You memorised it?!”  In denial, shocked and amazed at what his son had just said. So he said to him, “Read it to me.”

So he did.

He had indeed memorised the entire book. Then his father held him and kissed him between his eyes and said, “O my son! Do not tell anyone about what you have done,” fearful lest the the Evil Eye should fall upon him.”

~Ibn Abdul-Haadi’s Al-’Uqood Al-Durriyah min Manaaqib Shaikhil-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, p.7

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Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah Rahimahullaah said:

“…And the slave – the more humble, needy, and subdued he is before Allah – the closer he will be to Him, and the dearer he will be to Him, and the greater in status he will be to Him. So, the happiest of the Creation is the one who is greatest in servitude to Allah.

As for the Creation, as it is said: be in need of whoever you wish, and you will be his prisoner; be sufficient from whoever you wish, and you will be his adversary; be kind to whoever you wish, and you will be his authority…

So, the greatest in status and honor the slave is with others is when he is not in need of them in any way, shape, or form. If you are good to others while not being in need of them, you will be greater in their eyes. When you are in need of them – even if for a sip of water – your status is reduced in their eyes in accordance with what it is you need from them. And this is from the Wisdom and Mercy of Allah, in order that the Religion all be for Allah, and that nothing be associated with Him.

Because of this, when Hatim al-Asam was asked: ‘With what can one protect himself from people?’ he answered:

“That you freely give them from what you have, and that you are cold and indifferent towards what they have.” However, if you are in a position to be compensated from them, and they are also in need of something from you, and the needs of the two sides become equal, you become like two merchants, none of whom has any virtue over the other. If they are the more needy side, that is when they will become subdued.

So, with the Exalted Lord, the most generous you are to Him is when you are most in need of Him. With the Creation, the most insignificant you are to them is when you are most in need of them…”

~ Source: Majmoo` al-Fatawa 1/67|Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah Rahimahullaah

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Love sick

Love is a psychological sickness, and if it grows strong it affects the body, and becomes a physical sickness, either as diseases of the brain, which are said to be diseases caused by waswaas, or diseases of the body such as weakness, emaciation and so on.

[Majmoo’ al-Fataawa 10/29]

Loving a non-mahram woman leads to many negative consequences, the full extent of which is known only to the Lord of people. It is a sickness that affects the religious commitment of the sufferer, then it may also affect his mind and body. [Majmoo’ al-Fataawa 10/132]

If the heart loves Allaah alone and is sincerely devoted to Him, it will not even think of loving anyone else in the first place, let alone falling in love. When a heart falls in love, that is due to the lack of love for Allaah alone. Hence because Yoosuf loved Allaah and was sincerely devoted to Him, he did not fall into the trap of love, rather Allaah says

“Thus it was, that We might turn away from him evil and illegal sexual intercourse. Surely, he was one of Our chosen, (guided) slaves”

[Yoosuf 12:24]


As for the wife of al-‘Azeez, she was a mushrik as were her people, hence she fell into this trap. [Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (10/135)]

If a man is in love with a woman, even if she is permissible for him, his heart remains enslaved to her, and she can control him as she wishes, even though outwardly he appears to be her master, because he is her husband; but in fact he is her prisoner and slave, especially if she is aware of his need and love for her. In that case, she will control him like a harsh and oppressive master controls his abject slave who cannot free himself from him. Rather he is worse off than that, because enslavement of the heart is worse than enslavement of the body. 

[Majmoo’ al-Fataawa 10/185]

If he is tested with love but he remains chaste and is patient, then he will be rewarded for fearing Allaah. It is known from shar’i evidence that if a person remains chaste and avoids haraam things in looking, word and deeds, and he keeps quiet about it and does not speak of it, so that there will be haraam talk about that, whether by complaining to another person or committing evil openly, or pursuing the beloved one in any way, and he is patient in obeying Allaah and avoiding sin, despite the pain of love that he feels in his heart, just as one who is afflicted with a calamity bears the pain of it with patience, then he will be one of those who fear Allaah and are patient,

“Verily, he who fears Allaah with obedience to Him (by abstaining from sins and evil deeds, and by performing righteous good deeds), and is patient, then surely, Allaah makes not the reward of the Muhsinoon (good‑doers) to be lost”

[Yoosuf 12:90].

[Majmoo’ al-Fataawa 10/133]

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Sins…

Shaykhul Islaam ibn Taymiyyah Rahimahullaah said:

“As for one who presumes that sins do not harm him because Allaah loves him and at the same time he is continuously perpetrating such sins, he is equal to the one who alleges that the constant consumption of poison without taking medication to combat it does no harm, because of his healthy disposition!”

  • Al uboodiyyah (Eng trans pg. 152)

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Ash- shaykhul Islaam ibn Taymiyyah
Rahimahullaah said:

whoever is not sincere to Allaah, an ‘Abd of Him and whoever’s heart has not become enslaved by his Lord, alone without any partners, whereby Allaah is more beloved to him than anything or anyone else and that he is subservient and obedient to Him, will be otherwise enslaved by (created) entities. The shayaateen will take hold of his heart and he will be of the errant, the brothers of the shayaateen. He will retain such a degree of evil and lewd sins that only Allaah can enumerate. This is a necessary fact, of which there is no other possibility.
  • Al Uboodiyyah (Eng trans. pg. 164)

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