Archive for the ‘companions’ Category




The advice of Abu Bakr to Umar


When Abû Bakr Al-Siddîq was on his deathbed he called ‘Umar – Allah be pleased with them – and said:

‘Fear Allah o ‘Umar, and know that Allah has deeds to be done for Him in the day which He will not accept if done at night, and He has deeds to be done for Him at night which He will not accept if done during the day. He will not accept extra (nâfilah) deeds unless you fulfill the obligatory deeds. The scales of those whose scales will be weighty on the Day of Resurrection will only be weighty because they followed the truth in this life and it was weighty to them. And scales in which the truth will be placed tomorrow truly deserve to be heavy. And the scales of those whose scales will be light on the Day of Resurrection will only be light because they followed falsehood in this life and it was a light matter to them. And scales in which falsehood will be placed tomorrow truly deserve to be light.
Allah the Exalted has mentioned the people of Paradise and mentioned them in the context of their best deeds, and overlooked their evil deeds, so when I remember them I say to myself: I fear that I will not be included with them. And Allah the Exalted has mentioned the people of Hell and mentioned them in the context of their worst deeds and rejected their best deeds, so when I remember them I say: I hope I won’t be amongst them. Allah’s worshippers should always be in a state of hope and fear, they shouldn’t wish flimsy wishes about Allah and neither should they despair of Allah’s mercy.
If you keep to this advice of mine, no one who is not with you now should be more beloved to you than death – and it is sure to come to you. But if you disregard this advice, no one who is not with you now should be more hated to you than death – and you cannot escape it.’

~Abû Nu’aym|| Hilyah Al-Awliyâ` Vol.1 p18; & Ibn Al-Jawzî,|| Sifah Al-Safwah

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 It is reported that ‘Umar b. Al-Khattâb RadhiAllaahu ‘anhu said:

We were once in a time when we did not think anyone learned the Quran seeking anything  but Allâh the Exalted, but now I fear there are men who learn it and intend the people and what they can get from them. So seek Allâh with your recitation and deeds. For verily, we used to know you when Allâh’s Messenger – Allâh’s peace and blessings be upon him – was amongst us, when revelation would descend and Allâh would tell us about you. As for today, Allâh’s Messenger – peace and blessings be upon him – has passed on, and the revelations has stopped; and I only know you as I say: whoever shows what is good, we love him for it and think good of him, and whoever shows what is evil, we hate him for it and suspect him. Your secret and private matters are between you and your Lord the Mighty and Majestic.

~ Al-Âjurrî ||Akhlâq Hamalat Al-Qur`ân article 26.

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Eating to fast


It is reported that once, some good food was served to Anas [Ibn Mâlik] RadhiAllaahu anhu, and [the person who served the food] was well off enough to afford good food. As he was eating, he kept a morsel of the food in his mouth for a while, then looked at the people and began to cry.

Then he said,

“By Allâh, I have accompanied people who, if they could get hold of this kind of food, would have fasted even more often, and spent less time not fasting. One of them would find only milk mixed with water [as food], which he would drink and then fast on.”

~Al-Mu’âfâ b. ‘ImrânKitâb Al-Zuhd article 215

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إِنَّ مَعَ ٱلۡعُسۡرِ يُسۡرً۬ا

فَإِنَّ مَعَ ٱلۡعُسۡرِ يُسۡرًا

“So verily with every hardship comes ease, verily with every hardship comes relief”.
surah sharh

Abdullaah ibn Abbaas said concerning this ayah

“One hardship will never overcome two eases”

~Ibn Abee Dunya, al Faraj Ba’d ash shiddah pg 24

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After Ali died , Mu`awiyah bin Abi Sufyan said to Dirar bin Damrah
“Describe ‘Ali to me.”
“Will you not excuse me from answering you,” said Dirar.
“No, describe him,” insisted Mu`awiyah.
“Please excuse me from doing so,” said Dirar.
“I will not,” said Mu`awiyah.
” I will do so, then” said Dirar with a sigh.

By Allah, he was (far-sighted) and very strong. He spoke with a truthful finality, so that, through him , truth became distinguished from falsehood. He ruled justly, and knowledge gushed forth from him, as did wisdom. He felt an aversion to the world and its (pleasure). He was comfortable with the night and its darkness ( meaning he prayed a lot). By Allah he would cry profusely ( from fear of Allah); long durations would he spend in contemplation, during which time he would converse with his soul. He showed a liking to coarse garments and lower-quality food. By Allah, it was as if – in his humbleness- he was one of us: when we asked him a question, he would answer us; when we would go to him, he would initiate (the salam); and when we would invite him (to our homes), he would come to us . Yet, in spite of his closeness to us, we would not speak (freely) with him, because of the dignity and honor that he exuded if he smiled, he revealed the likes of straight and regular pearls(his teeth). He honored religious people and loved the poor. The strong person could not hope to gain favors from him through falsehood. And the weak person never lost hope of his justness. I swear, by Allah, that on certain occasions, I saw him in his place of prayer when the night was dark and few stars could be seen; he would be holding his beard and crying the way a very sad person cries; and I would hear him saying,

“O world, O world, are you offering yourself to me? Do you desire me? Never! Never! Deceive someone other than me, I have divorced you for the third time, so that you cannot return to me (metaphorically, of course; he is alluding to the fact that, in islam, the third divorce is final) your life is short, the existence you offer is base, and your danger is great. Alas for the scarcity of sustenance (good deeds), the great distance of the journey, and the loneliness of the road!”

Upon hearing this description, Mu`awiyah’s eyes swelled with tears, and not being able to hold them from gushing forth, he was forced to wipe them with his cuffs; and the same can be said for those who were present. Mu`awiyah then said, “May Allah have mercy on the father of Al-Hasan, for he was, by Allah, just as you described him to be. “
He then said, “O Dirar, describe your sadness at having lost him.”
“My sadness” began Dirar “is like the sadness of a woman who cannot control her tears or allay her grief after her child , while in her lap, has just been slaughtered.”
Dirar then stood up and left.

~Sifatus-Safwah 1/66

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Imam Adh-Dhahabi said:

عيسى بن مريم نبي وصحابي فإنه رأى النبي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم ، وسلّم عليه فهو

 آخر الصحابة موتا

“Jesus (Esa) the son of Mary, is a Prophet and a companion for he saw Prophet Muhammad (during the heaven trip) and he greeted him, so he is the last sahabi that will die”.

[Tajrid Asma As-Sahaba, 1/432].

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On the authority of Rabeeyah al-Asslamee who said: I used to serve the Messenger of Allaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and he gave me some land, and he gave Aboo Bakr land, and when it came to dividing the land, we differed over a cluster of dates from a date palm tree. Aboo Bakr said: this is on my side of the land! And I said: this is on my side! There used to be a problem between me and Aboo Bakr, and Aboo Bakr said a statement to me which I hated but he regretted saying it, so he said to me: ‘O Rabeeyah! Say something similar to me that I said to you, so that it can be requital.’

So I said: ‘I will not say it.’

Aboo Bakr said: ‘You will say it or I will request the Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – to order you to say it.’

So I said: ‘I will not say it.

Aboo Bakr left that portion of land for me and went off to the Prophet – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – and I followed him. The people from my tribe followed us and said to me: ‘May Allaah have mercy on Aboo Bakr. Why is he going to the Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – about you, and he said what he said about you?’

So I said: ‘Do you know who this is?? This Aboo Bakr as-Siddeeq, he is one of the two who were in the cave, he is one who has grown old as a Muslim (one of the elders of the Muslims), beware he does not turn around and see you assisting me against him and becomes angry and meets the Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and the Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – will become angry due to him being angry, and then Allaah ‘Azza wa Jal becomes angry due to them being angry, and Rabeeyah will be destroyed.’

They said: ‘What do you order us to do?

I said: ‘Go back.

Aboo Bakr – radhiyAllaahu ‘anhu – went off to the Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam –, so I followed him by myself, until he reached the Prophet – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – and he told him the whole story as it was. The Prophet – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – raised his head towards me and said: ‘O Rabeeyah what’s the matter between you and as-Siddeeq?’

I said:O Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – such and such happened, and he said a statement to me which I disliked, then he said to me, say something similar to what I said to you so that I can be requited, but I refused.’

Then the Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – said: ‘Yes, do not say a word back to him, but say: ‘May Allaah forgive you O Aboo Bakr. May Allaah forgive you O Aboo Bakr.’

Hasan said: ‘Aboo Bakr turned around and he was crying.’

  • As-Saheehah, No. 3258

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ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ فِى صَلَاتِہِمۡ خَـٰشِعُونَ

“Those who offer their Salât (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness”
(surah mu’minoon: 2)

Abdullaah ibn Umar said in commentary to this verse:
‘When they stood for prayer, they faced forward in their prayer, they lowered their gaze to the place of prostration, and they knew that Allaah had turned to them and so they did not look left or right’

  • As- suyooti, al Durr al-Manthur vol.10 pg.557

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~Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem~

‘Iyyad and others said that it (jealousy) is taken from the verb to change, as in changing the heart and arousing anger. The reason for it being that it shares something that is special, and the most severe type is between husband and wife, and that is with respect to the rights between women.

As for the rights of Allah, Al-Khattaabee said that the best explanation of it is the explanation given in the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah in which the Prophet (Sall Allahu ʿalayhi was sallam) said:


Verily Allah is jealous and the jealousy of Allah is that a believer does that which Allah has forbidden”.

The meaning of jealousy is that the man protects the woman from speaking to men who are not mahram for her, gazing at them, adorning herself for them, and unveiling herself in front of them. The meaning is not that you question her in her religion and her honor and spy on her. We have in the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu ʿalayhi was sallam) and his companions a good example, and here are examples of their jealousy:

On the authority of Al-Mugheerah who reported that Sa’ad ibn ‘Ibaadah said;

“If I saw a man with my wife, I would strike him with the sharp side of the sword.” So the Prophet (Sall Allāhu ʿalayhi was sallam) was informed of that and said: “Are you surprised by the jealousy of Sa’d?  Because I am more jealous than him and Allah is more jealous than me.”

He also narrated on the authority of Aisha that the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allāhu ʿalayhi was sallam)) said:


“Oh nation of Muhammad! No one is more jealous than Allah when He sees His servant or his nation commit adultery.”

On the authority of Asmaa’ bint Abee Bakr who said: 
” Az Zubayr married me and did not have any wealth or any possessions at all except for a camel, which helped him to take water and a horse. I used to feed and water his horse, fix the bucket for getting water, and  make dough, but I was not good at baking bread.  So,  our Ansaaree neighbor girls used to make bread for me, and they were honorable women. I used to carry the date stones (from the land that the Messenger of Allah sall Allāhu ʿalayhi was sallam had given Az-Zubayr), on my head, and this land was about two miles from my house. One day, while I was coming with the date stones on my head, I met the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allāhu ʿalayhi was sallam)who was with some Ansaaree men. He called me and then said:Eak Eak!” in order for me to ride behind him on his camel. I felt shy to go with the men and I remembered Az-Zubayr’s jealousy (as he was one of the most jealous people). The Messenger of Allah (Sall Allāhu ʿalayhi was sallam)) knew that I felt shy, so he moved on. So, I came to Az-Zubayr and said: “I met the Messenger of Allah(Sall Allāhu ʿalayhi was sallam) while I was carrying date stones on my head and he had a group of companions with him, and I was offered a ride, but I was shy from him and I remembered your jealousy.” He said: ” By Allah, the fact that you carry date stones on your head is much more embarrassing to me than you riding with him. She continued, until Aboo Bakr sent me a servant to look after the horse, and then it was as if I had been set free.”

Muhammad ibn Abee al-Muqaaddamee informed him, that Mu’tamar informed him, on the authority of Ubaydillaah ibn Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir, on the authority of Jabir ibn ‘Abdillah from the Prophet (Sall Allāhu ʿalayhi was sallam)) who said:


” I entered Paradise, or I came to Paradise, and I saw a palace.  So, I said:’Who is this for?’ They said: ” It is for Umar ibn Al-Khattaab.” So, I wanted to enter it and the only thing that stopped me from doing so is my knowledge of your jealousy.” Umar ibn Al-Khattaab said :” Oh Messenger of Allah (Sall Allāhu ʿalayhi was sallam) let my mother and my father be sacrificed for you. How dare my jealousy offend you.”

‘Abdaan informed me that ‘Abdullah informed him, on the authority of Yoonus, on the authority of Az-Zuhree who reported that Ibn Al-Musayb informed me on the authority of Abee Hurayrah who said:



“We were sitting with the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allāhu ʿalayhi was sallam) who said: ” When I was sleeping I saw into Paradise . So, there was a woman making Wudhoo’ beside  a palace. Therefore, I said: ’Who is this for?’ He said: “This is for Umar .” I remembered his jealousy and I turned away from it.” Umar who was sitting with us started crying and then said: ” How dare my jealousy offend you  Oh Messenger of Allah”

From The jealousy that we are talking about is that the man prevents the woman from exposing her adornments to men that are not lawful to her such as his brothers and other than them.

On the Authority of ‘Uqbah ibn Aamir that the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allāhu ʿalayhi was sallam) said:

“It is forbidden to you to enter upon (unlawful) women.” So, a man from the Ansar said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah can we see our sisters-in-laws?” He said: ” The in-laws are death.

Al-Imaam An-Nawwawee said concerning the meaning of in-laws: Its meaning here is the close relatives of the husband excluding his fathers and his children because they are mahram for his wives, and it is allowable for them (wives) to be alone with them (his father and his children) and they are not described with death. The meaning is his brother, or his nephew, or his uncle and those like them, from those who not mahram. Most people are tolerant in this, and stay alone with the wife of his brother although he is death, and he is the first person who should be blocked from unlawful women.
Also from the jealousy, that we are talking about is not exposing her to trials. Those trials come with extended absence from her or by his presenting her with something that Allah has forbidden like the television or so on. Also, that he does not require her to go out a lot to the mall or the hospital.
  • Source:  Supporting the Rights of the Believing Women by Umm Salamah As-Salafiyyah, pg. 109

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It is reported from ‘Abdullâh b. Mas’ûd – Allâh be pleased with him – that he said:

“One should get used to the idea that if everyone on Earth disbelieved, you would not disbelieve. Do not be an im’ah (characterless).” He was asked, “And what is an im’ah?” He replied, “A person who says, ‘I am with the people (I do what they do).’ Verily, there is to be no following examples in evil.”

Ibn Battah, Al-Ibânah Al-Kubrâ Vol.1 p33.

Source: http://www.sayingsofthesalaf.net/index.php/characterless/#ixzz19zDvDdUR

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