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The advice of Abu Bakr to Umar

 

When Abû Bakr Al-Siddîq was on his deathbed he called ‘Umar – Allah be pleased with them – and said:

‘Fear Allah o ‘Umar, and know that Allah has deeds to be done for Him in the day which He will not accept if done at night, and He has deeds to be done for Him at night which He will not accept if done during the day. He will not accept extra (nâfilah) deeds unless you fulfill the obligatory deeds. The scales of those whose scales will be weighty on the Day of Resurrection will only be weighty because they followed the truth in this life and it was weighty to them. And scales in which the truth will be placed tomorrow truly deserve to be heavy. And the scales of those whose scales will be light on the Day of Resurrection will only be light because they followed falsehood in this life and it was a light matter to them. And scales in which falsehood will be placed tomorrow truly deserve to be light.
Allah the Exalted has mentioned the people of Paradise and mentioned them in the context of their best deeds, and overlooked their evil deeds, so when I remember them I say to myself: I fear that I will not be included with them. And Allah the Exalted has mentioned the people of Hell and mentioned them in the context of their worst deeds and rejected their best deeds, so when I remember them I say: I hope I won’t be amongst them. Allah’s worshippers should always be in a state of hope and fear, they shouldn’t wish flimsy wishes about Allah and neither should they despair of Allah’s mercy.
If you keep to this advice of mine, no one who is not with you now should be more beloved to you than death – and it is sure to come to you. But if you disregard this advice, no one who is not with you now should be more hated to you than death – and you cannot escape it.’

~Abû Nu’aym|| Hilyah Al-Awliyâ` Vol.1 p18; & Ibn Al-Jawzî,|| Sifah Al-Safwah

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 It is reported that ‘Umar b. Al-Khattâb RadhiAllaahu ‘anhu said:

We were once in a time when we did not think anyone learned the Quran seeking anything  but Allâh the Exalted, but now I fear there are men who learn it and intend the people and what they can get from them. So seek Allâh with your recitation and deeds. For verily, we used to know you when Allâh’s Messenger – Allâh’s peace and blessings be upon him – was amongst us, when revelation would descend and Allâh would tell us about you. As for today, Allâh’s Messenger – peace and blessings be upon him – has passed on, and the revelations has stopped; and I only know you as I say: whoever shows what is good, we love him for it and think good of him, and whoever shows what is evil, we hate him for it and suspect him. Your secret and private matters are between you and your Lord the Mighty and Majestic.


~ Al-Âjurrî ||Akhlâq Hamalat Al-Qur`ân article 26.


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Eating to fast

 

It is reported that once, some good food was served to Anas [Ibn Mâlik] RadhiAllaahu anhu, and [the person who served the food] was well off enough to afford good food. As he was eating, he kept a morsel of the food in his mouth for a while, then looked at the people and began to cry.

Then he said,

“By Allâh, I have accompanied people who, if they could get hold of this kind of food, would have fasted even more often, and spent less time not fasting. One of them would find only milk mixed with water [as food], which he would drink and then fast on.”

~Al-Mu’âfâ b. ‘ImrânKitâb Al-Zuhd article 215

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إِنَّ مَعَ ٱلۡعُسۡرِ يُسۡرً۬ا

فَإِنَّ مَعَ ٱلۡعُسۡرِ يُسۡرًا

“So verily with every hardship comes ease, verily with every hardship comes relief”.
surah sharh


Abdullaah ibn Abbaas said concerning this ayah


“One hardship will never overcome two eases”

~Ibn Abee Dunya, al Faraj Ba’d ash shiddah pg 24

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After Ali died , Mu`awiyah bin Abi Sufyan said to Dirar bin Damrah
“Describe ‘Ali to me.”
“Will you not excuse me from answering you,” said Dirar.
“No, describe him,” insisted Mu`awiyah.
“Please excuse me from doing so,” said Dirar.
“I will not,” said Mu`awiyah.
” I will do so, then” said Dirar with a sigh.

By Allah, he was (far-sighted) and very strong. He spoke with a truthful finality, so that, through him , truth became distinguished from falsehood. He ruled justly, and knowledge gushed forth from him, as did wisdom. He felt an aversion to the world and its (pleasure). He was comfortable with the night and its darkness ( meaning he prayed a lot). By Allah he would cry profusely ( from fear of Allah); long durations would he spend in contemplation, during which time he would converse with his soul. He showed a liking to coarse garments and lower-quality food. By Allah, it was as if – in his humbleness- he was one of us: when we asked him a question, he would answer us; when we would go to him, he would initiate (the salam); and when we would invite him (to our homes), he would come to us . Yet, in spite of his closeness to us, we would not speak (freely) with him, because of the dignity and honor that he exuded if he smiled, he revealed the likes of straight and regular pearls(his teeth). He honored religious people and loved the poor. The strong person could not hope to gain favors from him through falsehood. And the weak person never lost hope of his justness. I swear, by Allah, that on certain occasions, I saw him in his place of prayer when the night was dark and few stars could be seen; he would be holding his beard and crying the way a very sad person cries; and I would hear him saying,


“O world, O world, are you offering yourself to me? Do you desire me? Never! Never! Deceive someone other than me, I have divorced you for the third time, so that you cannot return to me (metaphorically, of course; he is alluding to the fact that, in islam, the third divorce is final) your life is short, the existence you offer is base, and your danger is great. Alas for the scarcity of sustenance (good deeds), the great distance of the journey, and the loneliness of the road!”

Upon hearing this description, Mu`awiyah’s eyes swelled with tears, and not being able to hold them from gushing forth, he was forced to wipe them with his cuffs; and the same can be said for those who were present. Mu`awiyah then said, “May Allah have mercy on the father of Al-Hasan, for he was, by Allah, just as you described him to be. “
He then said, “O Dirar, describe your sadness at having lost him.”
“My sadness” began Dirar “is like the sadness of a woman who cannot control her tears or allay her grief after her child , while in her lap, has just been slaughtered.”
Dirar then stood up and left.

~Sifatus-Safwah 1/66

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Imam Adh-Dhahabi said:

عيسى بن مريم نبي وصحابي فإنه رأى النبي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم ، وسلّم عليه فهو

 آخر الصحابة موتا


“Jesus (Esa) the son of Mary, is a Prophet and a companion for he saw Prophet Muhammad (during the heaven trip) and he greeted him, so he is the last sahabi that will die”.

[Tajrid Asma As-Sahaba, 1/432].

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On the authority of Rabeeyah al-Asslamee who said: I used to serve the Messenger of Allaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and he gave me some land, and he gave Aboo Bakr land, and when it came to dividing the land, we differed over a cluster of dates from a date palm tree. Aboo Bakr said: this is on my side of the land! And I said: this is on my side! There used to be a problem between me and Aboo Bakr, and Aboo Bakr said a statement to me which I hated but he regretted saying it, so he said to me: ‘O Rabeeyah! Say something similar to me that I said to you, so that it can be requital.’

So I said: ‘I will not say it.’

Aboo Bakr said: ‘You will say it or I will request the Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – to order you to say it.’

So I said: ‘I will not say it.

Aboo Bakr left that portion of land for me and went off to the Prophet – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – and I followed him. The people from my tribe followed us and said to me: ‘May Allaah have mercy on Aboo Bakr. Why is he going to the Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – about you, and he said what he said about you?’

So I said: ‘Do you know who this is?? This Aboo Bakr as-Siddeeq, he is one of the two who were in the cave, he is one who has grown old as a Muslim (one of the elders of the Muslims), beware he does not turn around and see you assisting me against him and becomes angry and meets the Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and the Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – will become angry due to him being angry, and then Allaah ‘Azza wa Jal becomes angry due to them being angry, and Rabeeyah will be destroyed.’

They said: ‘What do you order us to do?

I said: ‘Go back.

Aboo Bakr – radhiyAllaahu ‘anhu – went off to the Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam –, so I followed him by myself, until he reached the Prophet – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – and he told him the whole story as it was. The Prophet – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – raised his head towards me and said: ‘O Rabeeyah what’s the matter between you and as-Siddeeq?’

I said:O Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – such and such happened, and he said a statement to me which I disliked, then he said to me, say something similar to what I said to you so that I can be requited, but I refused.’

Then the Messenger of Allaah – salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – said: ‘Yes, do not say a word back to him, but say: ‘May Allaah forgive you O Aboo Bakr. May Allaah forgive you O Aboo Bakr.’

Hasan said: ‘Aboo Bakr turned around and he was crying.’

  • As-Saheehah, No. 3258


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